Classic Streamliners - TRAIN​CYCLOPEDIA

The NS Juniata Shops, Altoona, Pennsylvania.

By jpmueller99 from Shenandoah Valley of VA, USA (Juniata Shops) [CC BY 2.0 (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Norfolk and Western class Y6a No. 2156, class J No. 611, and class A No. 1218 on display at the "Big Three" celebration at the Virginia Museum of Transportation in Roanoke, VA, on May 31, 2015.

 Norfolk Southern Corporation headquarters, Norfolk, Virginia.  Photo by W.J. Grimes.

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NS 6319 at Cresson, Pennsylvania, May 26, 2010.  Photo by Eddie Phillips.

View of the diesel locomotive storage and service area at Enola Yard near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania in 2012.

NS locomotives No. 7626 and No. 6317 at Cresson, Pennsylvania.  Photo by Eddie Phillips.

The Norfolk Southern Railway
The Norfolk Southern Railway (reporting mark NS) is a Class I railroad in the United States, owned by the Norfolk Southern Corporation. With headquarters in Norfolk, Virginia, the company operates over 22,000 route miles in 22 eastern states, the District of Columbia, and has rights in Canada from Buffalo to Toronto and over the Albany to Montreal route. The most common commodity hauled on the railroad is coal from mines in Indiana, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia. The railroad also offers the most extensive intermodal network in eastern North America.

The current system was formed in 1982 with the creation of the Norfolk Southern Corporation, a holding company for the Southern Railway and Norfolk & Western Railway. On December 31, 1990, the two systems were merged into the Norfolk Southern Railway. In 1999, the system grew substantially with the acquisition of over half of Conrail.

Together Norfolk Southern Railway and CSX Transportation have a duopoly over all east-west freight rail traffic east of the Mississippi River.

As of October 1, 2014 Norfolk Southern Railway's total public stock value was slightly over $34.5 billion.

History
Norfolk Southern's predecessor railroads date to the early 19th century. The three main branches of the current corporate family tree were systems for many years themselves:
Norfolk & Western, formed in 1881.
Southern Railway System, formed in 1894.
Conrail, formed in 1976 from the Penn Central Railroad (1968–1976), perhaps the most controversial conglomerate in corporate history. Penn Central itself was created by merging three venerable rivals — the Pennsylvania Railroad (PRR, 1846), the New York Central Railroad (NYC, 1831), and the New York, New Haven & Hartford Railroad (NYNH&H, 1872) — as well as some smaller competitors.

Southern Railway
The SR's earliest predecessor line was the South Carolina Canal & Rail Road. Chartered in December 1827, the South Carolina Canal & Rail Road Company became the first in the nation to offer regularly scheduled passenger train service with the inaugural run of the "Best Friend of Charleston" on December 25, 1830.

Another early predecessor, the Richmond & Danville Railroad (R&D), was formed in 1847 and expanded into a large system after the American Civil War under Algernon S. Buford. The R&D ultimately fell on hard times and in 1894, it became a major portion of the new Southern Railway (SOU). Financier J. P. Morgan selected veteran railroader Samuel Spencer as president. Profitable and innovative, Southern became in 1953 the first major U.S. railroad to completely switch to diesel-electric locomotives from steam.

Norfolk & Western
The City Point Railroad, established in 1838, was a 9-mile railroad in Virginia that started just south of Richmond — specifically, City Point on the navigable portion of the James River, now part of the independent city of Hopewell — and ran to Petersburg. It was acquired by the South Side Railroad in 1854.

After the Civil War, it became part of the Atlantic, Mississippi & Ohio Railroad (AM&O), a trunk line across Virginia's southern tier formed by mergers in 1870 by William Mahone, who had built the Norfolk & Petersburg Railroad in the 1850s. The AM&O was the oldest portion of the Norfolk & Western (N&W) when it was formed in 1881, under new owners with a keen interest and financial investments in the coal fields of Western Virginia and West Virginia, a product which came to define and enrich the railroad.

In the second half of the 20th century, the N&W acquired the Virginian Railway (1959), the Wabash Railway, and the Nickel Plate Road, among others.

1982 merger
NS was created in 1982 from the merger of N&W and SOU, both profitable companies. The new company was given the name of the Norfolk Southern Railway, an older line, acquired by SOU in 1974, that served primarily North Carolina and the southeastern tip of Virginia. Headquarters for the new NS were established in Norfolk, Virginia. The company suffered a slight embarrassment when the marble headpiece at the building's entrance was unveiled, which read "Norfork Southern Railway". A new headpiece replaced the erroneous one several weeks later.

The merger aimed to compete in the eastern United States with CSX Transportation, formed after the Interstate Commerce Commission's 1980 approval of the merger of the Chessie System and the Seaboard System.

Conrail
Consolidated Rail Corporation (Conrail) was an 11,000-mile system formed in 1976 by bringing together several ailing northeastern railway systems into a government-owned corporation. Conrail had become profitable after the Staggers Act in 1980 largely deregulated the U.S. railroad industry.

In 1996, CSX bid to buy Conrail. Norfolk Southern, fearing that CSX would come to dominate rail traffic in the eastern U.S., responded with a bid of its own. On June 23, 1997, NS and CSX filed a joint application with the Surface Transportation Board (STB) for authority to purchase, divide, and operate the assets of Conrail. On June 6, 1998, the STB approved the NS-CSX application, effective August 22, 1998.

NS acquired 58% of Conrail assets, while CSX got the remaining 42%, including about 7,200 miles of track, most of which was part of the former Pennsylvania Railroad. NS began operating its trains on its portion of the former Conrail network on June 1, 1999, closing out the 1990s merger era.

Operations
NS is a major transporter of domestic and export coal. The railroad's major sources of the mineral are located in: Pennsylvania's Cambria and Indiana counties, as well as the Monongahela Valley; West Virginia; and the Appalachia regions of Virginia, Kentucky, and Tennessee. In Pennsylvania, NS also receives coal through interchange with R.J. Corman Railroad/Pennsylvania Lines at Cresson, Pennsylvania, originating in the "Clearfield Cluster".

NS's export of West Virginia bituminous coal, begins transport on portions of the well-engineered former Virginian Railway and the former N&W double-tracked line in Eastern Virginia to its Lambert's Point coal pier on Hampton Roads at Norfolk. Coal transported by NS is thus exported to steel mills and power plants around the world. The company is also a major transporter of auto parts and completed vehicles. It operates intermodal container and TOFC (trailer on flat car) trains, some in conjunction with other railroads. NS was the first railway to employ roadrailers, which are highway truck trailers with interchangeable wheel sets.

According to NS's 2012 Annual Report to Investors, at the end of 2012, NS had more than 30,943 employees, 3,468 locomotives, and 79,082 freight cars.

At the end of 2012, the transport of coal, coke, and iron ore made up 26% of the total operating revenue of NS, general merchandise (automotive, chemicals, metals, construction materials, agriculture commodities, consumer products, paper, clay, and forest products) made up 54%, and intermodal made up 20% of the total.

Company officers

Presidents of Norfolk Southern have included:
John P. Fishwick, Sr., CEO and President of Norfolk Western Railroad: 1970-1980, CEO and President of Norfolk Southern Railroad: 1980-1981
Robert B. Claytor, CEO: 1982–1987
Arnold B. McKinnon, CEO and President: 1987–1992
David R. Goode: CEO: 1992–2005, President: 1991–2004
Charles "Wick" Moorman: CEO: 2005–2015, President: 2004–2013
James A. Squires: President: June 1, 2013–present, CEO: June 1, 2015–present

Current trackage
List of Norfolk Southern Railway lines
Regional divisions
Lake
Dearborn-Detroit Metropolitan Area
Illinois
Alabama
Georgia
Piedmont
Pittsburgh
Harrisburg
Central
Virginia
Pocahontas

Pittsburgh Line
The Pittsburgh Line is NS's principal east–west line from the Northeast to the Midwest. Running from Harrisburg, Pennsylvania to Conway, Pennsylvania, it once was the core of the Pennsylvania Railroad's (PRR) main line. An average day sees 60 to 110 trains of all types. The line is home to the famous Horseshoe Curve.

Beginning at Altoona in Altoona, Pennsylvania, and ending at Conpit Junction in West Wheatfield Township, Pennsylvania, trains must ascend and control their speed down the faces of the Allegheny Ridge, some of the steepest slopes in the Allegheny Range. It is a helper locomotive district. Most common on helper assignments are pairs of new SD40Es (former EMD SD50 units rebuilt at NS's Juniata Shops in Altoona). On heavier unit coal trains, it is not uncommon to see two helper sets put together to create what local railfans call four-bangers. Some trains weigh more than 18,000 tons. For eastbound traffic, road crews often call for a "helper-ahead" when they are short on time.

Some lesser hills also exist west of Altoona, sometimes warranting westbound helpers to continue to Pittsburgh. For this purpose, a partial bypass of the Pittsburgh Line exists between Johnstown and Pittsburgh. Known as the Conemaugh Line, it runs from Conpit Junction to Federal Street on the North Side of Pittsburgh via a flat, though longer, route along the Conemaugh and Allegheny Rivers, bypassing several steep grades west of the Alleghenies as well as the Pittsburgh passenger station. The Conemaugh Line is used mostly by heavier freights.

Chicago Corridor
At about 150 miles, this is the most direct route for NS trains between Chicago and Fort Wayne, Indiana. It has 16 passing sidings and several stretches of double track.

Chicago Bypass
Kankakee Belt Route
Meridian Speedway
Pan Am Southern/Patriot Corridor

On May 15, 2008, NS announced that it would join with the ailing Pan Am Railways to create the "Patriot Corridor", an improved rail route between Albany, New York, and the greater Boston, Massachusetts, area. On March 12, 2009, STB approved the deal. Each of the two companies now owns 50% of a new company known as Pan Am Southern (PAS). PAR's trackage between Ayer, Massachusetts, and Mechanicville, New York, was transferred to PAS, and continues to be operated and maintained by PAR's Springfield Terminal Railway Company subsidiary. NS transferred to PAS cash and property valued at $140 million.

Planned improvements to the route include upgrades to tracks and signals and new automotive and intermodal terminals.

Yards and facilities
Largely an eastern U.S. railway, NS directly owns and operates 21,300 miles of track in 22 states. It operates three primary hubs in its system: Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, Chicago, and Atlanta and maintains facilities across the Eastern US to facilitate operations, including rail classification yards, intermodal yards, and locomotive shops

NS has rights to operate its trains with its own crews on competing railroads' tracks. These trackage rights permit NS to operate as far west as Dallas, Texas, as far north as Waterville, Maine, and as far south as Miami, Florida. NS locomotives also occasionally operate on competitors' tracks throughout the U.S. and Canada due to the practice of locomotive leasing and sharing undertaken by the Class I railroads. Not including second, third, and fourth main line trackage, yards, and sidings, NS directly operates some 21,500 miles of track. In addition NS has direct control over approximately 38,000 miles.

General Freight Classification Yards
Allentown, PA
Altoona, PA
Atlanta, GA – Armour Yard
Baltimore, MD
Bellevue, OH
Birmingham, AL
Bluefield, WV
Chattanooga, TN
Chicago, IL
Cincinnati, OH
Cleveland, OH
Columbus, OH
Conway, PA – Conway Yard
Decatur, IL
Detroit, MI
Elrama, PA Shire Oaks yard
Elkhart, IN
Harrisburg, PA – Enola Yard
Kansas City, MO
Knoxville, TN
Linwood, NC – Linwood Yard
Louisville, KY
Macon, GA
Newark, NJ
Norfolk, VA
Quincy, WV
Roanoke, VA
Sheffield, AL
St. Louis, MO – Luther Yard
Williamson, WV

Intermodal classification yards
Atlanta, GA - Inman
Austell, GA (Whitaker)
Ayer, MA
Baltimore, MD
Bethlehem, PA
Buffalo, NY
Charlotte, NC
Chesapeake, VA – Portlock
Chicago, IL – 47th Street
Chicago, IL – 63rd Street
Chicago, IL – Calumet
Chicago, IL – Landers
Cincinnati, OH – Gest Street
Collierville, TN – Rossville (Memphis)
Columbus, OH
Dallas, TX – KCS
Decatur, IL
Detroit, MI – Delray
Detroit, MI – Livernois
Elizabeth, NJ – Elizabeth Marine Terminal
Elizabeth, NJ – E-Rail
Front Royal, VA
Garden City, GA – Garden City Marine Terminal (Savannah)
Georgetown, KY
Greencastle, PA – Franklin County Regional Intermodal Facility
Greensboro, NC
Greer, SC – South Carolina Inland Port
Harrisburg, PA – Harrisburg Intermodal Yard
Harrisburg, PA – Rutherford Intermodal Yard
Huntsville, AL
Jacksonville, FL
Jersey City, NJ (Croxton)
Kansas City, MO
Langhorne, PA (Morrisville)
Louisville, KY – Appliance Park
Louisville, KY – Buechel
Maple Heights, OH (Cleveland)
McCalla, AL (Birmingham)
Mechanicville, NY (Albany)
Memphis, TN – Forrest Yard
New Orleans, LA
Norfolk, VA – Norfolk International Terminals
North Charleston, SC (Charleston)
Portsmouth, VA – APM Terminal
Rossville, TN - Rossville Intermodal Facility
Savannah, GA – Port Wentworth
Sharonville, OH (Cincinnati)
St. Louis, MO
Taylor, PA
Titusville, FL
Toledo, OH
Wall, PA (Pittsburgh)

Locomotive shops
Altoona, PA – Altoona Works
Bellevue, OH
Chattanooga, TN
Conway, PA – Conway Yard
Elkhart, IN
Harrisburg, PA – Enola Yard
Roanoke, VA – Shaffer's Crossing Locomotive Shop
Roanoke, VA – Roanoke Locomotive Shop

NS also shares interest with CSX in the Oak Island Yard, managed by Conrail Shared Assets Operations in Newark, New Jersey.

Environmental record
Air quality and fuel efficiency
In early spring of 2008, the state program manager for air quality planning in Georgia, Jimmy Johnston, had been talking to NS about voluntary upgrades to reduce the company's environmental impact. NS is upgrading 3,800 of its locomotives with new technology that is 73 percent more efficient than previous models. The new technology being put into the locomotives is making the ride more fuel efficient and reducing idle time.

NS has also introduced an experimental battery-electric switcher locomotive, NS 999. This prototype locomotive was developed by Norfolk Southern, in collaboration with the United States Department of Energy, the Federal Railroad Administration and the Pennsylvania State University.

Locomotives and rolling stock

Paint and colors

NS's locomotives are often called "catfish" by railfans, as the stripes are said to look like catfish whiskers. EMD GP59 no. 4610 was painted in predecessor Southern colors of green and white with gold trim and was a favorite of railfans. The work was done at the Debutts Yard in Chattanooga, Tennessee during the summer of 1994 and the locomotive received a repaint in the summer of 2004. The locomotive was repainted standard NS black and white in February 2012.

The current paint scheme for NS locomotives is black and white, with yellow grab irons and step-edge highlights. Locomotives feature a rearing horse decal enclosed in the "catfish" stripes on both the nose and rear, which is consistent with marketing campaigns where NS has billed itself as "The Thoroughbred of Transportation".

Norfolk Southern painted 20 new-order ES44ACs and SD70ACes in commemorative heritage paint schemes as part of NS's 30th anniversary celebration in 2012 (more info below in the "Heritage Schemes" section).

Locomotives
A large majority of Norfolk Southern's locomotives come from the company's many predecessors, which include but are not limited to Norfolk and Western, Southern Railway, and Conrail. Of the engines from Norfolk and Western (NW) and Southern, many were equipped with high short hoods. Although these locomotives are aging, a significant number of 'high hoods' still remain on the roster as of January 2017. Norfolk Southern is in the process of getting rid of them by scrapping, rebuilding, or selling the many units on the roster and units that are stored.

Historically, NS has only purchased DC traction diesel locomotives, and was one of the last North American AC-traction holdouts aside from Canadian National Railway. In September 2008, however, NS placed its first order for new AC traction locomotives: 23 GE ES44ACs, numbered 8000-8023. In the years since, NS has purchased several more ES44ACs as well as over 150 EMD SD70ACes.

Beginning in 2012, Norfolk Southern began to take delivery of several types of older EMD locomotives from various railroads and leasing companies, including 9 ex-BNSF "tri-clops" SD60Ms, 6 ex-ATSF (BNSF) SD75Ms, the remaining 12 ex-Conrail SD80MACs owned by CSX, a majority of Union Pacific's SD9043MACs, and more that 130 SD40-2s from First Union Rail, CIT Group, and Helm Leasing.

Norfolk Southern is the only railroad ever to own SD80MACs and SD90MACs simultaneously. Norfolk Southern owns all of the SD80MACs and 100 of the SD90MACs from Union Pacific. Norfolk Southern also acquired 10 SD90MACs from CIT Group in exchange for 15 MP15DCs. The SD90MACs are currently being rebuilt into SD70ACUs. The SD80MACs will eventually enter a similar rebuild program and retain their 20-710G3B engine.

Norfolk Southern has a very large program for re-cabbing locomotives. NS has its own designed "Admiral Cab," which they use on their 'standard cab' rebuilds. NS has rebuilt GP38-2s, SD40-2s, ECO units, and many more with the Admiral Cab.

In 2015, Norfolk Southern began a program to convert aging and unreliable GE Dash 8-40Cs into Dash 8.5-40CW units (NS calls them (D8.5-40CW). The few units that were upgraded included new cabs, rebuilt and modified engine, electrical upgrades and more. In 2016, the program was deemed unsuccessful, and ET44AC units were ordered to replace the un-rebuildable 8-40Cs.

In 2016, NS bought 46 GE ET44AC Locomotives, also known as Tier 4 Locomotives, numbered 3600-3646. These are the first Tier 4 road engines purchased, and not immediately stored, by NS. They were purchased as the replacement for the Dash 8-40C units, many of which are retired and/or scrapped. Norfolk Southern has an order for 34 more units, due for delivery in 2017. The first order was the first order of new locomotives from NS since late 2014, when EPA Tier 4 requirements were put in place.

In 2016, Norfolk Southern began a rebuild program on the Dash 9-40C units. The rebuild involved overhaul of the engine, emissions upgrades, a new cab (featuring GE Trip Optimizer, PTC, and NS Cab Signals / Locomotive Speed Limiter), new electronics, DPU and ECP capabilities, increased weight, and an electric parking brake. Norfolk Southern plans on rebuilding all of the Dash 9-40Cs and some of the Dash 9-40CWs. The new locomotives are being classified as GE AC44C6M.

Heritage fleet
In the first half of 2012, Norfolk Southern painted 10 EMD SD70ACe's and 10 GE ES44AC's as special heritage units, each bearing the paint schemes and markings of the various predecessor railroads of Norfolk Southern and Conrail. On July 1-3, 2012, all 20 units gathered together at the North Carolina Transportation Museum at Spencer, North Carolina, as the highlight of NS's 30th-anniversary celebration. The locomotives have since traveled throughout the United States on various Class I railroads as run-through pool power, attracting much attention from railfans.

The Heritage Units include:
    Central of Georgia (GE ES44AC) No. 8101
    Central Railroad of New Jersey (EMD SD70ACe) No. 1071
    Conrail ("Big Blue") (GE ES44AC) No. 8098
    Delaware, Lackawanna, & Western (EMD SD70ACe) No. 1074
    Erie (EMD SD70ACe) No. 1068
    Lehigh Valley Railroad (Red) (GE ES44AC) No. 8104
    Illinois Terminal Railroad (EMD SD70ACe) No. 1072
    Interstate Railroad (GE ES44AC) No. 8105
    Monongahela Railway (GE ES44AC) No. 8025
    New York Central Railroad (EMD SD70ACe) No. 1066
    Nickel Plate Road (GE ES44AC) No. 8100
    Norfolk & Western (Blue "Hamburger" Logo) (GE ES44AC) No. 8103
    Norfolk Southern (Original) (GE ES44AC) No. 8114
    Penn Central (EMD SD70ACe) No. 1073
    Pennsylvania Railroad (Tuscan Red) (GE ES44AC) No. 8102
    Reading Company (EMD SD70ACe) No. 1067
    Savannah & Atlanta (Tuxedo Black scheme) (EMD SD70ACe) No. 1065
    Southern (Crescent Green scheme) (GE ES44AC) No. 8099
    Virginian (EMD SD70ACe) No. 1069
    Wabash Railroad (EMD SD70ACe) No. 1070

Steam excursion programs
After the 1982 merger, NS President Robert Claytor retained the Southern Railway's steam excursion program begun in the 1960s by his brother, SOU president W. Graham Claytor. NS initially used former Chesapeake and Ohio 2716, which had been modified and decorated as a Southern locomotive for the steam program; however the engine developed with mechanical problems in her fire box after less than a year in excursion service and was replaced by Nickel Plate 765.

Merging with the Norfolk & Western Railway prompted the steam program to acquire and overhaul Norfolk & Western 611 in 1982, and Norfolk & Western 1218 in 1987. These two locomotives and 765 joined the steam program veterans –Southern Railway 4501, Savannah and Atlanta Railway 750, Nickel Plate 587, Louisville & Nashville 152, Atlanta and West Point 290, Tennessee Valley Railroad 610, and Frisco 1522 – for an extensive series of excursions throughout the late 1980s and early 1990s. Norfolk Southern's management was forced to end the program in late 1994 citing safety concerns, rising insurance costs, the expense of maintaining the steam locomotives, and decreasing rail network availability due to a surge in freight traffic. On December 3, 1994, the 611 became the last steam locomotive running on Norfolk Southern's trackage, running her last steam-powered excursion round-trip between Birmingham, Alabama and Chattanooga, Tennessee. After that, the 611 went on a three-day ferry move from Birmingham to Roanoke, Virginia. She stopped at Atlanta, Georgia for the night on December 5 and next to Salisbury, NC the next day on December 6. Finally, the 611 departed Salisbury and continued her final trip. When the engine arrived back in Roanoke, 611 blew her whistle one last time and had her fire put out.

In June 2010, Norfolk Southern that announced they would run excursions with Southern Railway 4501, Southern Railway 630, and U.S. Army 610 with their new 21st Century Steam program.

The program began in 2011 with excursions in the south powered by 630 and in the north by 765. On February 22, 2013, the Virginia Museum of Transportation (611's owner) formed a campaign called "Fire Up 611!" to conduct a feasibility study with the goal of returning the 611 to active service and have it join the program. The locomotive was removed from her static display from the Virginia Museum of Transportation to the North Carolina Transportation Museum in 2014 to be overhauled. That same year, TVRM completed their restoration of Southern Railway 4501 – joining the 21st Century Steam program for the 2015 season and pulling excursions in Tennessee, Virginia, and Georgia. The restoration of 611 was completed in May 2015 and celebrated with a run to Roanoke, Virginia, where it was originally built. The 611 pulled several excursions in Virginia and was featured in special events at the North Carolina Transportation Museum. In December 2015, Norfolk Southern had concluded their program; however, the 611 continued to run various excursions, hosted by the Virginia Museum of Transportation and the North Carolina Transportation Museum instead of Norfolk Southern across the NS system in Virginia and North Carolina.

Reporting marks
Although it has been widely known as simply "Norfolk Southern" since 1982, the corporate structure and reporting marks are more complicated. In 1990, Southern Railway Company was renamed Norfolk Southern Railway Co. Its Norfolk and Western Railway company was merged into the Norfolk Southern Railway in 1997. In 1999, when most of Conrail's former PRR trackage was sold to the Norfolk Southern Railway, the Pennsylvania Railway Lines was created and PRR reporting marks used on the former Conrail motive power and rolling stock.

    AGS - Alabama Great Southern Railroad
    CG sometimes CofG - Central of Georgia Railway
    CNTP - Cincinnati, New Orleans and Texas Pacific Railway (CNO&TP)
    CR - Conrail
    GANO - Georgia Northern Railway
    NKP - Nickel Plate Road
    PRR - Pennsylvania Lines LLC
    NS - Norfolk Southern
    NW - Norfolk and Western Railway
    SOU - Southern Railway
    TAG - Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia Railway
    VGN - Virginian Railway
    WAB - Wabash Railroad

Television commercials
On September 3, 2007, NS launched new television ads featuring a family of gas cans cross country trekking to meet a NS train; it is a message on NS' role to reduced congestion on highways called "Lonely Gallon". It also features the song "You Don't Need Me" performed by Ravi Krishnaswami of New York and Steve Kolander of Atlanta. The song was created specially for NS. It was filmed in the Shenandoah Valley in Virginia. In May 2013, NS rocked National Train Day by premiering a new ad series, using music adapted from ABC's "Conjunction Junction" School House Rock program. The video shows an overhead view of Inman Rail Yard in Atlanta. NS's commercials can often be seen on channels such as CNN several times throughout the day.

Awards and recognition
From 1989 to 2012, NS won the Gold (first-place) E.H. Harriman Award in Group A (line-haul railroads whose employees worked 15 million employee-hours or more) every single year. The award, which recognized the railroads with the lowest casualty rates per 200,000 employee-hours, was discontinued in 2012.

In January 2011, NS Chairman and CEO Wick Moorman was named Railroader of the Year by Railway Age magazine.

Norfolk Southern Corporation is the Norfolk, Virginia-based parent company of Norfolk Southern Railway Company. Norfolk Southern Corporation was incorporated on July 23, 1980 in the Commonwealth of Virginia and is publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) under the symbols NSC. The primary business function of Norfolk Southern Corporation is the rail transportation of raw materials, intermediate products, and finished goods across the Southeast, East, and Midwest United States. The corporation further facilitates transport to the remainder of the United States through interchange with other rail carriers while also serving overseas transport needs by serving several Atlantic and Gulf Coast ports.

Subsidiaries
Subsidiaries of Norfolk Southern Corporations (more than 50% owned and controlled):
Airforce Pipeline, Inc.
Alabama Great Southern LLC
The Alabama Great Southern Railroad Company
Alexandria-Southern Properties, Inc.
Arrowood-Southern Company
Atlantic Acquisition Corporation
Atlantic Investment Company
BRF Investment, LLC
Camp Lejeune Railroad Company
Central of Georgia LLC
Central of Georgia Railroad Company
Charlotte-Southern Hotel Corporation
Chesapeake Western Railway
Chicago Land Management, LLC
The Cincinnati, New Orleans and Texas Pacific Railway Company
Citico Realty Company
General American Insurance Company
General Security Insurance Company, Ltd. (Bermuda)
Georgia Southern and Florida Railway Company
High Point, Randleman, Asheboro and Southern Railroad Company
Interstate Railroad Company
Lamberts Point Barge Company, Inc.
Lambert's Point Docks, Incorporated
Mobile and Birmingham Railroad Company
The Nickel Plate Improvement Company, Inc.
Norfolk and Portsmouth Belt Line Railroad Company
Norfolk Southern International, Inc.
Norfolk Southern - Mexico, LLC
Norfolk Southern Properties, Inc.
Norfolk Southern Railway Company
NorfolkSouthernMexicana, S. de R.L. de C.V. (Mexico)
The North Carolina Midland Railroad Company
NS-Charlotte Tower Corporation
NS Fiber Optics, Inc.
NS Spectrum Corporation
NS Transportation Brokerage Corporation
PA Holding Corporation
PDC Timber LLC
Pennsylvania Investment Company, Inc.
PLC Timber LLC
PLS Investment, LLC
Pocahontas Development Corporation
Pocahontas Land Corporation
Rail Investment Company
Reading Company, LLC
Sandusky Dock Corporation
The South Western Rail Road Company
Southern Rail Terminals, Inc.
Southern Rail Terminals of North Carolina, Inc.
Southern Region Industrial Realty, Inc.
Southern Region Materials Supply, Inc.
SRIR Timber LLC
State University Railroad Company
S-VA Corporation
T-Cubed of North America, LLC
TCS Leasing, Inc.
TCV, Inc.
Thoroughbred Technology and Telecommunications, LLC
Tennessee, Alabama & Georgia Railway Company
Tennessee Railway Company
Thoroughbred Direct Intermodal Services, Inc.
Thoroughbred Emissions Research, LLC
Thoroughbred Funding, Inc.
Transworks Company
Transworks Inc.
Transworks of Indiana, Inc.
Triple Crown Services Company
Virginia and Southwestern Railway Company
Virginia Holding Corporation
Westlake Land Management, Inc.
Wheelersburg Terminal LLC
Yadkin Railroad Company                                                                      

Norfolk Southern Railway Overview

Reporting mark: NS
Locale: Eastern United States
Dates of operation: 1982–Present
Predecessors: Norfolk & Western Railway, Southern Railway, Conrail
Length: 21,500 miles (34,600 kilometres)
Headquarters Norfolk, Virginia
Website:
nscorp.com

See also:

Norfolk and Western

Southern Railway

Class I Railroads

Railroads of the U.S.A.

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