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Original Norfolk Southern Baldwin Road Switcher AS-416 No. 1616 at Chesapeake, Virginia in old paint scheme in October of 1968. Photo by Roger Puta.

Original Norfolk Southern Baldwin Road Switcher AS-416 No. 1616 at Chesapeake, Virginia in old paint scheme in October of 1968.  Photo by Roger Puta.

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Baldwin AS-416 Diesel-Electric Locomotive
The Baldwin AS-416 was a diesel-electric locomotive of the road switcher type rated at 1,600 hp (1,200 kW), that rode on three-axle trucks, having an A1A-A1A wheel arrangement.

Used in much the same manner as its four-axle counterpart, the Baldwin AS-16, though the wheel arrangement spread out the axle load for operation on light rail such as are found on branch lines.

It was introduced in 1950 as a replacement of the DRS-6-4-1500 and remained in Baldwin's catalog until their cessation of locomotive manufacture in 1956.

Only 25 units were sold to four railroads — all of whom had bought the earlier model. The vast majority (17 of the 25 units) were purchased by the original Norfolk Southern Railway (1942–82), becoming a signature locomotive for the company.

Original Owners

Savannah and Atlanta Railway
Quantity: 3
Road Numbers: 108–110

Columbus and Greenville Railway
Quantity: 1
Road Number: 606

Norfolk Southern Railway
Quantity: 17
Road Numbers: 1601–1617

Office des Chemins de Fer Algériens
Quantity: 4
Road Numbers: 040 DF 1–4

Total Units: 25

Preservation
Surviving examples include:

Columbus and Greenville No. 606, at the Illinois Railway Museum
Norfolk Southern No. 1616, at the North Carolina Transportation Museum.

Baldwin AS-416 Overview
Type and origin
Power type: Diesel-electric
Builder: Baldwin Locomotive Works
Model: AS-416
Build date: May 1951–December 1955
Total produced: 25
Specifications
Configuration:
​ • AAR A1A-A1A
Gauge: 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Prime mover: 608A
Performance figures
Power output: 1,600 hp (1,200 kW)

See also:

BLW Diesel-Electric Locomotives

Diesel-Electric Locomotives

Baldwin Locomotive Works