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Chesapeake & Ohio Railway No. 2755 2-8-4 Kanawha Steam Locomotive
Chesapeake & Ohio Railway 2755 is a standard gauge steam railway locomotive of the 2-8-4 type, called "Berkshire" by most US railroads, but "Kanawha" by the Chesapeake & Ohio (C&O). It is one of a total of ninety built by Alco (which built seventy) and Lima (which built the remaining twenty, including 2755) between 1943 and 1947.

A Berkshire type was the first of the Lima Super Power locomotives in 1925 and these followed in that tradition, with all the latest equipment -- Schmidt superheater, Elesco feedwater heater, booster on the trailing truck, roller bearings, and so forth. They carried Baker valve gear, which the C&O preferred to the simpler and much more widely used Walschaerts valve gear.

It spent its nine-year working life hauling coal on the various mine branches out of Logan, West Virginia, usually to the Ohio River at Russell, Kentucky. Its last known run was from Handley, West Virginia, to Russell on January 18, 1956.

After refurbishing at the Huntington, West Virginia, shops in the fall of 1960, it was delivered to its present location in Chief Logan State Park in March 1961. It was seriously vandalized in the late 1970s or early 1980s, with the glass broken and gauges stolen or destroyed. It has been repaired and fenced for protection. The Island Creek Model Railroad Club acts as curators. The locomotive was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2006 as Chesapeake and Ohio 2755 Steam Locomotive.

Chesapeake & Ohio 2755
Type and origin
Power type: Steam
Builder: Lima Locomotive Works
Order number: 1198
Serial number: 9262
Build date: January 1947
Configuration: 2-8-4
Gauge: 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)
Driver diameter: 69 in (1,753 mm)
Length: 105.2 ft (32.1 m)
Adhesive weight: 293,100 lb (132.9 tonnes)
Locomotive weight: 469,680 lb (213.0 tonnes)
Tender weight: 394,100 lb (178.8 tonnes)
Total weight: 863,780 lb (391.8 tonnes)
Tender type: 21-RG
Fuel type: Coal
Fuel capacity: 30 tons (27.2 t)
Water capacity: 21,000  gal (79,500 l)
 • Firegrate area: 90 sq ft (8.4 m2)
Boiler pressure 245 psi (1.69 MPa)
Feedwater heater: Worthington Type 5½ SSA
Heating surface: 4,714 sq ft (437.9 m2)
Superheater: Elesco Type E
Cylinders: Two, outside
Cylinder size: 26 in × 34 in (660 mm × 864 mm)
Valve gear: Baker
Performance figures
Tractive effort: 69,350 lbf (308.48 kN)
Factor of adhesion: 4.23
Operator: Chesapeake and Ohio Railway
Class: K-4
Number in class: 56 of 90
Number: 2755
Retired: late 1956
Current owner: West Virginia Division of Natural Resources
Static display
Chesapeake and Ohio 2755 Steam Locomotive
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
Nearest city: Henlawson, West Virginia
Coordinates 37°53′34″N 82°0′34″W
Area: 0.2 acres (0.081 ha)
Built: 1947
Architect: Lima Locomotive Works
Architectural style: K-4 Class Locomotive
NRHP Reference Number: 06000900
Added to NRHP: September 28, 2006

See also:

2-8-4 Locomotives


Steam Locomotives

C&O No. 2755 on display at Chief Logan State Park.

C&O No. 2755 on display at Chief Logan State Park.

By Brian M. Powell, CC BY-SA 3.0,

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