Classic Streamliners - TRAINCYCLOPEDIA
Chesapeake & Ohio Railway No. 2755 2-8-4 Kanawha Steam Locomotive
Chesapeake & Ohio Railway 2755 is a standard gauge steam railway locomotive of the 2-8-4 type, called "Berkshire" by most US railroads, but "Kanawha" by the Chesapeake & Ohio (C&O). It is one of a total of ninety built by Alco (which built seventy) and Lima (which built the remaining twenty, including 2755) between 1943 and 1947.
A Berkshire type was the first of the Lima Super Power locomotives in 1925 and these followed in that tradition, with all the latest equipment -- Schmidt superheater, Elesco feedwater heater, booster on the trailing truck, roller bearings, and so forth. They carried Baker valve gear, which the C&O preferred to the simpler and much more widely used Walschaerts valve gear.
It spent its nine-year working life hauling coal on the various mine branches out of Logan, West Virginia, usually to the Ohio River at Russell, Kentucky. Its last known run was from Handley, West Virginia, to Russell on January 18, 1956.
After refurbishing at the Huntington, West Virginia, shops in the fall of 1960, it was delivered to its present location in Chief Logan State Park in March 1961. It was seriously vandalized in the late 1970s or early 1980s, with the glass broken and gauges stolen or destroyed. It has been repaired and fenced for protection. The Island Creek Model Railroad Club acts as curators. The locomotive was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2006 as Chesapeake and Ohio 2755 Steam Locomotive.
Chesapeake & Ohio 2755
Type and origin
Power type: Steam
Builder: Lima Locomotive Works
Order number: 1198
Serial number: 9262
Build date: January 1947
Gauge: 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)
Driver diameter: 69 in (1,753 mm)
Length: 105.2 ft (32.1 m)
Adhesive weight: 293,100 lb (132.9 tonnes)
Locomotive weight: 469,680 lb (213.0 tonnes)
Tender weight: 394,100 lb (178.8 tonnes)
Total weight: 863,780 lb (391.8 tonnes)
Tender type: 21-RG
Fuel type: Coal
Fuel capacity: 30 tons (27.2 t)
Water capacity: 21,000 gal (79,500 l)
• Firegrate area: 90 sq ft (8.4 m2)
Boiler pressure 245 psi (1.69 MPa)
Feedwater heater: Worthington Type 5½ SSA
Heating surface: 4,714 sq ft (437.9 m2)
Superheater: Elesco Type E
Cylinders: Two, outside
Cylinder size: 26 in × 34 in (660 mm × 864 mm)
Valve gear: Baker
Tractive effort: 69,350 lbf (308.48 kN)
Factor of adhesion: 4.23
Operator: Chesapeake and Ohio Railway
Number in class: 56 of 90
Retired: late 1956
Current owner: West Virginia Division of Natural Resources
Chesapeake and Ohio 2755 Steam Locomotive
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
Nearest city: Henlawson, West Virginia
Coordinates 37°53′34″N 82°0′34″W
Area: 0.2 acres (0.081 ha)
Architect: Lima Locomotive Works
Architectural style: K-4 Class Locomotive
NRHP Reference Number: 06000900
Added to NRHP: September 28, 2006
C&O No. 2755 on display at Chief Logan State Park.
By Brian M. Powell, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9374221
Text: wikipedia.org. Images: Public Domain; http://www.commons.wikimedia.org (unless otherwise specified) and 17 U.S. Code § 107 fair use. References: Lewis, Robert G. The Handbook of American Railroads. New York: Simmons-Boardman Publishing Corporation, 1951, 2nd Edition 1956. Site Map Contact webmaster HERE.
Purchases through our Merchant Links and Store help to defray the costs of operating the non-profit Classic Streamliners website, and at no additional cost to you. All of the staff at Classic Streamliners are unpaid volunteers who have all devoted thousands of hours of their own time to bring the site into fruition. We would like to sincerely thank all those who have already helped support this worthy cause. For more information click HERE.