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Classic Streamliners - TRAIN​CYCLOPEDIA

C&O L-2 No. 304.
The Chesapeake and Ohio Railway's class L-2
C&O logo.

Chesapeake and Ohio Classes L-2 and L-2-A Hudson Locomotives
The Chesapeake and Ohio Railway's class L-2 consisted of eight coal-fired 4-6-4 "Hudson" type steam locomotives numbered 300–307 and built by the Baldwin Locomotive Works of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1941. They had roller bearings on all axles, and the first-built, No. 300, had roller bearings on its side and main rods too. No. 300 also was equipped with "Elephant ear" smoke deflectors in 1948.

In 1947, the C&O ordered five additional and very similar locomotives, numbering them Nos. 310–314; these were class L-2-A and differed mostly in using Franklin RC poppet valves instead of the Baker valve gear of the L-2s. These were the last express passenger steam locomotives ordered by a United States railroad, and some of the most expensive at $353,346 each, 80% more than the cost of the 8 earlier L-2 locomotives.

Both classes were among the largest 4-6-4s ever built. They were intended to work the C&O's top-flight express trains on level ground; the railroad purchased 4-8-4 "Greenbrier" types for mountain service.

By 1953, C&O passenger services were completely dieselized, and there was no more work for these locomotives to do. Hudsons were very unsuited to freight work, with such a comparatively small proportion of their weight on the drivers. All were quickly scrapped.

C&O L-2 Overview
Type and origin
Power type: Steam
Builder: Baldwin Locomotive Works
Build date: 1941
Total produced: 8
Specifications
Configuration: 4-6-4
UIC class: 2′C2′ h2
Gauge: 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Driver diameter: 78 in (1.981 m)
Length: 108 ft 0 in (32.92 m)
Adhesive weight: 219,500 lb (99,600 kg; 99.6 t)
Total weight: 893,000 lb (405,000 kg; 405 t)
Fuel type: Coal
Fuel capacity: 60,000 lb (27,000 kg; 27 t)
Water capacity: 21,000 gallons (79,000 l; 17,000 imp gal)
Firebox:
 • Firegrate area: 90 sq ft (8.4 m2)
Boiler pressure: 255 psi (1.76 MPa)
Heating surface: 4,233 sq ft (393.3 m2)
Superheater:
​ • Heating area: 1,810 sq ft (168.2 m2)
Cylinders: Two
Cylinder size: 25 in × 30 in (635 mm × 762 mm)
Career
Operator: Chesapeake and Ohio Railway
Numbers: 300–307
Retired: 1953
Disposition: All scrapped

C&O L-2-A Overview
Type and origin
Power type: Steam
Builder: Baldwin Locomotive Works
Build date: 1947
Total produced: 5
Specifications
Configuration: 4-6-4
UIC class: 2′C2′ h2
Gauge: 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Driver diameter: 78 in (1.981 m)
Length: 108 ft 0 in (32.92 m)
Adhesive weight: 219,500 lb (99,600 kg; 99.6 t)
Total weight: 893,000 lb (405,000 kg; 405 t)
Fuel type: Coal
Fuel capacity: 60,000 lb (27,000 kg; 27 t)
Water capacity: 21,000 gallons (79,000 l; 17,000 imp gal)
Firebox:
 • Firegrate area: 90 sq ft (8.4 m2)
Boiler pressure: 255 psi (1.76 MPa)
Heating surface: 4,233 sq ft (393.3 m2)
Superheater:
​ • Heating area: 1,810 sq ft (168.2 m2)
Cylinders: Two
Cylinder size: 25 in × 30 in (635 mm × 762 mm)
Career
Operator: Chesapeake and Ohio Railway
Numbers: 310–314
Retired: 1953
Disposition: All scrapped

See also:

Steam Locomotives

The Chesapeake and Ohio Railway's Class L-2 No. 301.

B&O logo.

C&O L-2 No. 304.