Classic Streamliners - TRAIN​CYCLOPEDIA

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An EMD F3 Slideshow.

BN No. 9762, ex-NP EMD F3 No. 6502, leading the North Coast Hiawatha into Yakima, Washington in August 1971.

BN No. 9762, ex-NP EMD F3 No. 6502, leading the North Coast Hiawatha into Yakima, Washington in August 1971. Photo by Drew Jacksich.

By Drew Jacksich (Flickr: BN 9762 in Yakima Aug 71 NthCstHiRP) [CC BY-SA 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

EMD F3 Diesel Locomotive
The EMD F3 was a 1,500-horsepower B-B freight- and passenger-hauling diesel locomotive produced between July 1945 and February 1949 by General Motors’ Electro-Motive Division. Final assembly was at GM-EMD's La Grange, Illinois plant. A total of 1,111 cab-equipped lead A units and 696 cabless booster B units were built.

The F3 was the third model in GM-EMD's highly successful F-unit series of cab unit diesel locomotives, and it was the second most produced of the series. The F3 essentially differed from the EMD F2 in that it used the “new” D12 generator to produce more power, and from the later EMD F7 in electrical equipment. Some late-model F3's had the same D27 traction motors, along with the heavier-duty electrical cables, used in the F7, and were unofficially referred to as F5 's.

Engine and powertrain
The F3 used a 16 cylinder 567B series diesel engine developing 1,500 hp at 800 rpm. The 567 was designed specifically for railroad locomotives, a supercharged 2 stroke 45 degree V type with 567 cu in (9.29 L) displacement per cylinder, for a total of 9,072 cu in (148.66 L). A D.C. generator powered four traction motors, two on each Blomberg B truck. EMD has built all of its major components since 1939.

Identification
As built, the only way to distinguish between the F2 and F3 was the nose number panels on the A units, which were small on the F2 and large on the F3 and subsequent locomotives. However, these could and were often altered by the railroad. Fewer F2's were built, however.

Early versions of the F3 had the "chicken wire" grilles along the top edge of the carbody. Later production featured a distinctive fabricated stainless steel grille.

All F-units introduced after the FT have twin exhaust stacks and four electrically powered radiator fans arranged close together atop their roofs, unlike the FT's four stacks and separated and belt driven pairs of fans.

F3 phases
The identification of locomotive "phases" is a creation of railfans. EMD used no such identification, and instead only kept track of the marketing name (e.g. F2, F3, F7, etc.) and individual locomotives' build (serial) numbers. During the production cycle of a particular model, as design and production techniques improved, all builders would invariably make minor changes. To better keep track of noticeable, and not so noticeable differences in appearance that a locomotive model would acquire during the course of its production run, locomotive historians began documenting any subtle or minor changes made to a particular diesel locomotive model as "phases", and referring to these as such. This practice has proved very popular over the years among diesel locomotive modelers looking to create the most "true to life" models possible.

Despite not being official designations, phase descriptions are quite useful to the diesel spotter and record keeper, but sometimes tricky as many of the changes described are mostly cosmetic and easily altered features of a locomotive - roof fans, body panels, grilles, etc. that could be - and often were - updated or swapped interchangeably during production runs.

The following are normally identified as F3 phases:
Phase I
Built from July 1945. High, flat-topped 36 in (914 mm) roof fans. Top third body panel had "chicken wire" in openings only. Short rear vent panel. Center-third body panel with three equally-spaced porthole windows and D17 traction motors. As-built Phase I F3 units are identical to the F2, they differ only in electrical equipment and numberboard size. Three highly modified locomotives survive from this series, rebuilt as FP10s, all for Metro-North Railroad.

Phase II (early)
Built from February 1947. Top third body panel now had full-length "chicken wire". Long rear vent panel. Center third body panel now had two portholes; area between covered with chicken wire, over 4 smaller rectangular openings.

Phase II (late)
Built from December 1947. Roof radiator fans change to low, pancake fans.

Phase III
Built from March 1948. (Surviving F3's former BAR 42,44,46 are still Phase 2 and were built in MAY 1948) Center third body panel now has no chicken wire between the portholes; the four rectangular openings now have louvers.

Phase IV
Built from August 1948. Chicken wire upper-third panel is replaced with full-length horizontal stainless steel grille.

"F5"
Built from August 1948 through end of F3 production in February 1949. D27 traction motors with heavier-duty cables and higher capacity traction motor blowers fitted. Nearly all previously built F3's received the same upgrades by 1955. All EMD DC traction motors are backwards compatible so as the better motors became available the D37, D47, D57, D67 and D77 all could be found on an F unit.

Original owners

Electro-Motive Division (demonstrators)
Quantity A units:  2
Quantity B units:  2
Road numbers A units:  291A1, 291A2
Road numbers B units:  291B1, 291B2
Notes:  291A1 to Toledo, Peoria and Western Railway 100A, 291A2 wrecked, 291B1 to TP&W 100B, 291B2 to EMD 754B1, to Monon 65C

Electro-Motive Division (demonstrators)
Quantity A units:  2
Road numbers A units:  754A1, 754A2
Notes:  to Monon 85 A,B

Electro-Motive Division (demonstrators)
Quantity A units:  1
Road numbers A units:  951
Notes:  to Kansas City Southern Railway (Louisiana and Arkansas Railway) 59A

Aberdeen and Rockfish Railroad
Quantity A units:  2
Road numbers A units:  200–201
Notes:  201 to Richmond Fredericksburg & Potomac 1111

Atlantic Coast Line Railroad
Quantity A units:  12
Quantity B units:  12
Road numbers A units:  336–347
Road numbers B units:  336B–347B

Atlanta and St. Andrews Bay Railway
Quantity A units:  1
Road numbers A units:  1501

Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway
Quantity A units:  46
Quantity B units:  47
Road numbers A units:  16,C–36,C, 200,C–201,C
Road numbers B units:  16A,B–36A,B, 32A:2nd, 200A,B–201A,B
Notes:  Passenger units, 32A returned to EMD and replaced by 32A (2nd), 32A (1st) rebuilt as F7B later sold to ATSF as 48A.
Freight units (as dual service locomotives).

Bangor and Aroostook Railroad
Quantity A units:  8
Quantity B units:  4
Road numbers A units:  500A–507A
Road numbers B units:  600B–603B
Notes:  A units renumbered 40–47, B units to Pennsylvania Railroad 9530B-9536B even. #44 and #46 are repainted Lackawanna and are the oldest operating unmodified F3A's as of May, 2015.

Boston and Maine Railroad
Quantity A units:  2
Quantity B units:  2
Road numbers A units:  4227A–4228A
Road numbers B units:  4227B–4228B

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
Quantity A units:  67
Quantity B units:  7
Road numbers A units:  82,A–86,A, 88 (even),113,A–171,A (odd)
Road numbers B units:  82X,AX–86X,AX, 88X (even)

Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad
Quantity A units:  58
Quantity B units:  52
Road numbers A units:  116A,D–138A,D, 160A,C–162A,C, 9960A,C–9962A,C
Road numbers B units:  116B,C–138B,C, 160B–162B, 9960B–9962B
Notes:  9960–9962 passenger units

Chicago and Eastern Illinois Railroad
Quantity A units:  16
Quantity B units:  7
Road numbers A units:  1200–1205,1400–1409
Road numbers B units:  1300–1301, 1500–1504
Notes:  Passenger units. Freight units (as dual service locomotives).

Chicago Great Western Railway
Quantity A units:  33
Quantity B units:  16
Road numbers A units:  101–115A,C, 150–152
Road numbers B units:  101B–112B, 101D–104D
Notes:  150–152 passenger units

Chicago, Indianapolis and Louisville Railway (“Monon”)
Quantity A units:  22
Quantity B units:  5
Road numbers A units:  51A,B-52A,B 61A,B–64A,B, 81A,B–84A,B, 62B:2nd, 64A:2nd
Road numbers B units:  61C–64C, 64C:2nd
Notes:  62B:2nd, 64A:2nd, and 64C:2nd are wreck replacements, 81A,B–84A,B passenger units.

Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad ("Milwaukee Road")
Quantity A units:  8
Quantity B units:  8
Road numbers A units:  80A,D-83A,D
Road numbers B units:  80B,C-83B,C
Notes:  81D,C-83D,C renumbered 84A,B-86A,B.

Canadian National Railway
Quantity A units:  4
Quantity B units:  2
Road numbers A units:  9000, 9002, 9003, 9005
Road numbers B units:  9001, 9004

Central of Georgia Railway
Quantity A units:  9
Road numbers A units:  901–909

Central Railroad of New Jersey
Quantity A units:  10
Quantity B units:  5
Road numbers A units:  50–59
Road numbers B units:  A–E

Chicago and North Western Railway
Quantity A units:  28
Quantity B units:  11
Road numbers A units:  4051C–4054C, 4055A,C–4066A,C
Road numbers B units:  4055B–4063B, 4065B–4066B

Clinchfield Railroad
Quantity A units:  6
Quantity B units:  3
Road numbers A units:  800–805
Road numbers B units:  850–852

Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad
Quantity A units:  24
Quantity B units:  16
Road numbers A units:  605A,C–606A,C, 621A,C, 655A–662A, 801A,C–805A,C
Road numbers B units:  605B–606B, 622B, 655B–662B, 801B–805B

Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad
Quantity A units:  8
Quantity B units:  8
Road numbers A units:  5521/4–5541/4, 5561/4
Road numbers B units:  5522/3–5542/3, 5562/3

Erie Railroad
Quantity A units:  24
Quantity B units:  17
Road numbers A units:  706A,D–710A,D, 800A,D–806A,D
Road numbers B units:  706B,C–710B,C, 800B–806B

Florida East Coast Railway
Quantity A units:  8
Quantity B units:  4
Road numbers A units:  501–508
Road numbers B units:  551–554

Georgia Railroad
Quantity A units:  1
Road number: 1001

Gulf, Mobile and Ohio Railroad
Quantity A units:  32
Quantity B units:  8
Road numbers A units:  800A,B–810A,B, 811A, 880A,B-882A,B, 883A–885A
Road numbers B units:  B60–B64, B80–B82

Great Northern Railway
Quantity A units:  53
Quantity B units:  24
Road numbers A units:  225–231, 259A,B, 260A–261A, 262A,B–265A,B, 266A–267A, 306A,C, 350A,C–358A,C, 375C–376C, 430A,D–438A,D (even)
Road numbers B units:  260B–261B, 266B–267B, 306B, 350B–358B, 430B,C–438B,C (even)
Notes:  350–358 passenger units.

Grand Trunk Western Railroad
Quantity A units:  22
Road numbers A units:  9006–9027

Kansas City Southern Railway
Quantity A units:  12
Quantity B units:  12
Road numbers A units:  30A–31A, 50A,D–54A,D
Road numbers B units:  30B–31B, 50B,C–54B,C

Kansas City Southern Railway (Louisiana and Arkansas Railway)
Quantity A units:  8
Quantity B units:  8
Road numbers A units:  55A,D–58A,D
Road numbers B units:  55B,C–58B,C

Louisville and Nashville Railroad
Quantity A units:  2
Quantity B units:  3
Road numbers A units:  2500–2501
Road numbers B units:  2550–2552

Lehigh Valley Railroad
Quantity A units:  10
Quantity B units:  10
Road numbers A units:  510–528 (even)
Road numbers B units:  511–529 (odd)

Maine Central Railroad
Quantity A units:  8
Quantity B units:  2
Road numbers A units:  671A–672A, 681–686
Road numbers B units:  671B–672B

Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad
Quantity A units:  14
Quantity B units:  7
Road numbers A units:  201A,C–207A,C
Road numbers B units:  201B–207B

Missouri Pacific Railroad
Quantity A units:  28
Quantity B units:  16
Road numbers A units:  513–524, 561–576
Road numbers B units:  513B–518B, 561B–570B

Missouri Pacific Railroad (International-Great Northern Railroad)
Quantity A units:  12
Quantity B units:  6
Road numbers A units:  525–528, 553–560
Road numbers B units:  525B–526B, 553B–556B

Missouri Pacific Railroad (St. Louis, Brownsville and Mexico Railway)
Quantity A units:  24
Road numbers A units:  529–552

Minneapolis and St. Louis Railway
Quantity A units:  6
Road numbers A units:  248A,C, 348A,C, 448A,C

Nashville, Chattanooga and St. Louis Railway
Quantity A units:  9
Quantity B units:  12
Road numbers A units:  800–808
Road numbers B units:  900–911

Northern Pacific Railway
Quantity A units:  25
Quantity B units:  24
Road numbers A units:  6011A,D–6017A,D, 6500A-6506A, 6503C-6506C (2nd)
Road numbers B units:  6011B,C–6015B,C, 6500B,C–6506B,C
Notes:  6000s freight units (as dual service locomotives), 6500s passenger units, many renumbered.

New York Central Railroad
Quantity A units:  34
Quantity B units:  18
Road numbers A units:  1606–1635, 3500–3503
Road numbers B units:  2404–2419, 3600–3601
Notes: Freight units (as dual service locomotives). Passenger units.

New York, Ontario and Western Railway
Quantity A units:  5
Quantity B units:  2
Road numbers A units:  821–822, 501–503
Road numbers B units:  821B–822B

Pennsylvania Railroad
Quantity A units:  80
Quantity B units:  40
Road numbers A units:  9500A–9561A, 9563A-9567A, 9677A–9689A
Road numbers B units:  9500B–9528B, 9540B–9546B, 9548B-9554B (even)

Reading Company
Quantity A units:  6
Quantity B units:  6
Road numbers A units:  260A–265A
Road numbers B units:  260B–265B

Seaboard Air Line Railroad
Quantity A units:  11
Road numbers A units:  4022–4032

St. Louis-San Francisco Railway (Frisco)
Quantity A units:  18
Quantity B units:  18
Road numbers A units:  5000–5017
Road numbers B units:  5100–5117

Soo Line
Quantity A units:  10
200A,B–204A,B

Soo Line (Wisconsin Central Railway)
Quantity A units:  2
Quantity B units:  1
Road numbers A units:  2200A,B
Road numbers B units:  2200C

Southern Railway
Quantity A units:  79
Quantity B units:  65
Road numbers A units:  4128–4206
Road numbers B units:  4320–4384

Southern Railway (Cincinnati, New Orleans and Texas Pacific Railway)
Quantity A units:  8
Quantity B units:  4
Road numbers A units:  6106–6113
Road numbers B units:  6153–6159

Southern Railway (Alabama Great Southern Railroad)
Quantity A units:  12
Quantity B units:  6
Road numbers A units:  6702–6713
Road numbers B units:  6750–6755

Southern Railway (New Orleans and North Eastern Railway)
Quantity A units:  3
Quantity B units:  1
Road numbers A units:  6804–6806
Road numbers B units:  6829

Southern Pacific Company
Quantity A units:  80
Quantity B units:  80
Road numbers A units:  6100A,D–6139A,D
Road numbers B units:  6100B,C–6139B,C
Notes:  6100A,D-6117A,D to Texas & New Orleans 300-337, 6100B,C-6117B,C to Texas & New Orleans 500-537, 6118A,D-6139A,D renumbered 6138-6179, 6118B,C-6139B,C renumbered 8038-8079.

Spokane, Portland and Seattle Railway
Quantity A units:  3
Road numbers A units:  800A1, 800A2, 802
Notes:  Renumbered 800–801. 801-802 to BN 9750,9752

Union Pacific Railroad
Quantity A units:  89
Quantity B units:  90
Road numbers A units:  905–910, 964A–968A, 1400A–1441A, 1442–1463, 1550–1563
Road numbers B units:  905B,C–909B,C (odd), 969B–978B, 1442B–1471B, 1430B,C–1458B,C (even)
Notes:  964A-968A renumbered 900-904, 1400A-1441A renumbered 1400-1441, 969B-978B renumbered 900B,C-904B,C, 1442B-1471B renumbered 1400B,C-1428B,C (even).

Western Railway of Alabama
Quantity A units:  1
Road numbers A units:  501

Western Maryland Railway
Quantity A units:  2
Road numbers A units:  51–52

Western Pacific Railroad
Quantity A units:  3
Quantity B units:  6
Road numbers A units:  801A–803A
Road numbers B units:  801B,C–803B,C

Total A units: 1,111

Total B units: 695

Surviving F3 locomotives
A Metro-North F10 that was formerly an F3 (originally GM&O and later an Illinois Central #880A) in Bridgeport, Connecticut, operates for Metro-North Railroad in 2005. This locomotive also ran for the MBTA.

Twelve F3s survive today at a variety of museums; ten being A units, and two being B units.

Metro-North Railroad still had three F10 units in service, which are rebuilt F3s, before BL20GHs took over.  With the leasing of P40s from Amtrak, their usage of in revenue service has declined. The F10s went to the Shore Line East when the BL20GHs took over. These units were originally built for Gulf, Mobile and Ohio and rebuilt by Illinois Central to F10 status for MBTA. Metro North acquired four of the units, but one was acquired by the Adirondack Scenic Railway for service out of Utica NY. The CN and three exBAR surviving F3 units retain their original original appearance and specifications.

The Alberta Railway Museum in Edmonton, Alberta owns Canadian National F3 #9000. #9000 was the first diesel road freight locomotive ordered for a Canadian railway, and one of the only six F3's to operate in Canada. #9000 was built in 1948 and was part of an order for six locomotives.

Steamtown National Historic Site in Scranton, Pennsylvania is home to former Bangor and Aroostook F3s 44 (owned by the Tri-State chapter of the NRHS in Morristown, New Jersey) and 46 (owned by the Anthracite Railroads Historical Society). Both engines were initially restored as Jersey Central 57 and 56, but as of 2012 have been repainted as Lackawanna 663 and 664. These engines, along with BAR 42, are the oldest "chicken wire" style F3s in existence, and are used on most long distance excursions from the park. The ARHS also owns a former Boston & Maine F7B (4268B), which has been altered to resemble a F3B. It too is currently located in Scranton, and as of May 2014 has been cosmetically restored as DL&W 664B, with mechanical restoration still to come.

The Montreal, Maine & Atlantic Railway, the corporate successor to BAR, owns #42, which was renumbered back to its original number, 502, when it was repainted into its original gray and yellow scheme.

The California State Railroad Museum owns Santa Fe No. 347B, which was donated to the museum in March 1986 by Santa Fe. The engine is painted in the railroad's warbonnet scheme and is listed as operable.

The C&O Historical Society owns former Clinchfield Railroad F3 #800. It is currently in C&O passenger livery, but as June 2014 it is rumored to be slated to return to the classic CRR black and yellow.

There is a Nashville, Chattanooga, and St. Louis Railway F3 A unit and B unit stored at the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum in Chattanooga. However, the A unit is privately owned and restoration is unlikely because of it.

In popular culture
The main protagonist of the children's television show, Chuggington, Wilson, is based on an EMD F3 power car.

Since 1950 and 1991, Lionel has made the Santa Fe F3 in two versions: the yellow plus design, and the T yellow design. The T yellow design is the most rare and highly prized version since the 1950 Santa Fe F3 had a T Yellow design. The 1950 and 1991 Santa Fe F3 versions are the most famous toy trains ever made. The 2345 Lionel Western Pacific, in production for only one year, is the one of the rarest and most sought after variants of postwar Lionel F3 model train production.

Overview

Type and origin
Power type: Diesel-electric
Builder: General Motors Electro-Motive Division (EMD)
Model: F3
Build date: July 1945 – February 1949
Total produced: 1,111 A units, 696 B units
Specifications
AAR wheel arrangement: B-B
Gauge: 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in
Trucks: Blomberg B
Wheel diameter: 40 in
Minimum curve: 23° (250.79 ft radius)
Wheelbase: 39 ft
Length: 50 ft 8 in
Width: 10 ft 8 in
Height: 15 ft
Locomotive weight: 234,000 lb
Fuel capacity: 1,200 gal
Prime mover: EMD 567B
RPM range: 275-800
Engine type: Two-stroke V16 diesel
Aspiration: Roots-type supercharger
Displacement: 9,072 cu in
Generator: EMD D-12
Traction motors: (4) EMD D-17-B or D-27-B
Cylinders: 16
Cylinder size: 8 1⁄2 in × 10 in
Performance figures
Maximum speed: 103 mph
Power output: 1,500 hp
Tractive effort: 58,500 lb

See also:

EMD

EMD Diesel-Electric Locomotives

EMD 567 Prime Mover

Diesel-Electric Locomotives

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