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EMD FP10 Diesel Locomotive
FP10 locomotives are not the linear successors of the FP9, as their designation might indicate. The FP10 units were 'built' in the late 1970s by the Illinois Central Gulf Railroad at its Paducah, Kentucky shops for the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority using former Gulf, Mobile and Ohio Railroad F3 and F7 units. These F3 and F7 locomotives were used by the GM&O and ICG (for a short period) in Chicago-area commuter service and later in freight service until their retirement.

The rebuilding by ICG saw all of the units gain full-length stainless steel air intake grilles, which in many cases replaced the 'chicken wire' appearance which many had during their tenure with the GM&O and ICG. They were also equipped with a 480 V HEP generator at the rear of the locomotive, as well as dynamic brakes, and had their classification lights replaced with large red marker lights which enabled the locomotive to "carry the markers" when operating in push mode.

The FP10 units were never extended beyond their original length, thus making the "P" in their designation misleading. The FP10 designation, like that of the GP10 (also an ICG product) was conceived by ICG and was never sanctioned by EMD, though railroads and rail enthusiasts alike agree on the moniker.

The FP10 locomotives were painted in the MBTA's purple, silver, and yellow scheme, wearing two variations (one which had two substantial yellow swaths on the nose, and the second which used the yellow only as striping on the nose, as well as the rest of the carbody) of the transit agency's dress. At least one was painted in a scheme that was a "negative" of the conventional scheme, where purple was the primary color and silver taking a secondary role.

During the early 1990s, the FP10s were retired by the MBTA, with four being sold to the Metro North Commuter Railroad (MNCR 410-413), some leased (Cape Cod Central—and eventually resold after that operation ceased) and others being scrapped. In late 1999/early 2000, the last remaining MBTA-owned FP10 units were sold and have operated in Maryland, New Orleans, Georgia, and Idaho on various tourist trains.

See also:

EMD Diesel Locomotives

Diesel Locomotives

EMD

A commuter rail train at South Station in 1981, led by EMD FP10 locomotive No. 1150.

By Bruce Fingerhood from Springfield, Oregon, US (boston south station) [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Rio Grande Scenic Railroad - La Veta to Alamosa, Colorado with East Spanish Peak at left and West Spanish Peak at right.

An EMD F10 (rebuilt from an F3) locomotive 413 pulling Metro-North train 1926 at the Bridgeport Railroad Station,  July 1, 2005. Photo by Adam E. Moreira.

By Adam E. Moreira, uploader of this photo. (Own work, picture taken by uploader.) [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], via Wikimedia Commons

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Rio Grande Scenic Railroad - La Veta to Alamosa, Colorado with East Spanish Peak at left and West Spanish Peak at right, with an FP10 in the lead.

By Larry Lamsa (Spanish Peaks, Colorado) [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

MBTA logo.
Illinois Central Gulf logo.
EMD logo.
A commuter rail train at South Station in 1981, led by EMD FP10 locomotive No. 1150.
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