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Missouri Pacific EMD GP35 Diesel Electric Road Switcher No. 625 at Dallas, Texas, November 1972.

DeGolyer Library, Southern Methodist University.

General Motors EMD display at the 1964 New York World's Fair.
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Burlington Northern Santa Fe No. 2500, an EMD GP35.
Missouri Pacific EMD GP35 Diesel Electric Road Switcher No. 625 at Dallas, Texas, November 1972.
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Burlington Northern Santa Fe No. 2500, an EMD GP35.

By terry cantrell - originally posted to Flickr as BNSF 2500, CC BY-SA 2.0,

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General Motors EMD display at the 1964 New York World's Fair.

By Don O'Brien from Piketon, Ohio, United States [CC BY 2.0 (], via Wikimedia Commons

EMD GP35 Diesel-Electric Locomotive
The EMD GP35 is a 4-axle diesel-electric locomotive built by General Motors Electro-Motive Division between July 1963 and December 1965 and by General Motors Diesel between May 1964 and January 1966. The locomotive's power was provided by an EMD 567D3A 16-cylinder engine which generated 2,500 horsepower (1,860 kW).

Many railroads traded in Alco and EMD F units for GP35s, reusing the trucks and traction motors. Some railroads had EMD reuse the Alco trucks on the GP35s. Notable examples include the Gulf, Mobile and Ohio Railroad, Southern Railway, and the Ann Arbor Railroad.

1,251 examples of this locomotive model were built for American railroads, 26 were built for Canadian railroads and 57 were built for Mexican railroads.

Original Owners

Alaska Railroad
Quantity: 3
Road numbers: 2501–2503

Ann Arbor Railroad
Quantity: 10
Road numbers: 385–394
Notes: Type B Trucks.

Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway
Quantity: 161
Road numbers: 1300–1460

Atlantic Coast Line Railroad
Quantity: 6
Road numbers: 909–914
Notes: To Seaboard Coast Line 1400-1405.

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
Quantity: 41
Notes: Road numbers: 3500–3519, 3540–3559, 3581.

Canadian National Railway
Quantity: 2
Road numbers: 4000–4001
Notes: Renumbered 9300, 9301.

Canadian Pacific Railway
Quantity: 24
Road numbers: 8202–8213, 5014–5025
Notes: 8202–8213 renumbered to 5002–5013, 5024–5025 last GP35s built.

Chesapeake and Ohio Railway
Quantity: 42
Road numbers: 3520–3539, 3560–3575
Notes: 3045, 3047 rebuilt from wrecked GP30s; renumbered 3583,3584. 3537 (2nd), 3563 (2nd), 3574 (2nd) rebuilt from wrecked GP35s. 3582 rebuilt from wrecked GP7.

Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad
Quantity: 22
Road numbers: 978–999
Notes: To Burlington Northern 2524-2545.

Chicago and Eastern Illinois Railroad
Quantity: 31
Road numbers: 242–259, 260–272
Notes: 242–259 to Missouri Pacific Railroad 650–667. 260–272 to Missouri Pacific Railroad 668–680, Louisville and Nashville Railroad 1116–1128.

Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad (Milwaukee Road)
Quantity: 12
Road numbers: 360–371
Notes: Renumbered 1500–1511.

Chicago and North Western Railway
Quantity: 43
Road numbers: 824–866
Notes: 824 and 825 were replacements for wrecked GP9s.

Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad
Quantity: 34
Road numbers: 300–333

De Queen and Eastern Railroad
Quantity: 1
Road numbers: D-6

Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad
Quantity: 22
Road numbers: 3029–3050

Detroit, Toledo and Ironton Railroad
Quantity: 8
Road numbers: 350–357

Erie Lackawanna Railroad
Quantity: 36
Road numbers: 2551–2586
Notes: To Conrail 3657-3692.

Great Northern Railway
Quantity: 24
Road numbers: 3017–3040
Notes: To Burlington Northern 2500-2523.

Gulf, Mobile and Ohio Railroad
Quantity: 48
Road numbers: 601–648
Notes: Type B trucks.

Louisville and Nashville Railroad
Quantity: 17
Road numbers: 1100–1115, 1101 (2nd)
Notes: 1101 (2nd) wreck rebuild.

Missouri Pacific Railroad
Quantity: 50
Road numbers: 600–614, 615–639, 640–649
Notes: 615–639 from Texas and Pacific Railway.

Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México (NdeM)
Quantity: 55
Road numbers: 8200–8254
Notes: 8215–8229 High Short Hood with steam generator.

New York, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad (Nickel Plate Road)
Quantity: 1
Road numbers: 910
Notes: Rebuild of wrecked GP9. To N&W 2910.

New York Central Railroad
Quantity: 31
Road numbers: 6125–6155
Notes: Renumbered 2369–2399; numbers retained under Penn Central and Conrail. NYC 6155 was ex-EMD 1964 the New York World's Fair unit, exx EMD 5661.

Norfolk and Western Railway
Quantity: 69
Road numbers: 200–239, 1309–1328
Notes: 1300–1301 Low nose, ordered by Pittsburgh and West Virginia Railway. 1302–1308 Low nose, ordered by Wabash Railroad.

Pennsylvania Railroad
Quantity: 119
Road numbers: 2252–2370
Notes: 2309–2310 renumbered 2250–2251, and 2369–2370 renumbered 2309–2310; numbers retained under Penn Central and Conrail.

Reading Company
Quantity: 37
Road numbers: 6501–6506, 3626–3656
Notes: 6501–6506 renumbered 3620–3625; entire group to Conrail as 3620-3656.

Richmond, Fredericksburg and Potomac Railroad
Quantity: 8
Road numbers: 111–118
Notes: Renumbered 131–138.

Seaboard Air Line Railroad
Quantity: 10
Road numbers: 535–544
Notes: To Seaboard Coast Line 1406-1415.

Ferrocarril Sonora–Baja California (Mexico)
Quantity: 2
Road numbers: 2307–2308

St. Louis – San Francisco Railway (Frisco)
Quantity: 33
Road numbers: 700–732
Notes: 725–731 Type B Trucks.

Soo Line Railroad
Quantity: 10
Road numbers: 722–731
Notes: 722 only Type B Trucks.

Southern Railway
Quantity: 78
Road numbers: 240–244, 2645–2704, 2526, 2705–2715, 2641
Notes: 2645–2704 from Central of Georgia Railway. 2526 Rebuilt from wrecked GP30, 2645–2702 Type B Trucks. 2705–2715 from Savannah and Atlanta Railway Company, Type B Trucks. 2641 from CNO&TP, rebuilt from wrecked GP30.

Southern Pacific Company
Quantity: 160
Road numbers: 7408–7484, 7700–7782
Notes: Renumbered 6520–6679.

St. Louis Southwestern Railway (Cotton Belt)
Quantity: 22
Road numbers: 760–781
Notes: Renumbered 6500–6519; 780–781 diverted from Southern Pacific Company, renumbered 6680–6681.

Toledo, Peoria and Western Railway
Quantity: 3
Road numbers: 900–902
Notes: Type B trucks.

Union Pacific Railroad
Quantity: 24
Road numbers: 740–763
Notes: UP 762–763 were ex EMD 5652, 5654 first GP35s built as part of the GP35–DD35–DD35–GP35 demonstrator set.

Wabash Railroad
Quantity: 8
Road numbers: 540–547
Notes: To Norfolk and Western 3540-3547.

Western Maryland Railway
​Quantity: 5
Road numbers: 501–505
Notes: Renumbered 3576–3580.

Western Pacific Railroad
Quantity: 22
Road numbers: 3001–3022

Type and origin
Power type: Diesel-electric
Builder: General Motors Electro-Motive Division (EMD), General Motors Diesel, Canada (GMD)
Model: GP35
Build date: July 1963 – January 1966
Total produced: 1,334
Gauge: 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Prime mover: EMD 567D3A
Engine type: V16 diesel
Cylinders: 16
Performance figures
Power output: 2,500 hp (1.86 MW)
Locale: North America

See also:


EMD Locomotives

Diesel-Electric Locomotives