Canadian National 4769, a GMD GP38-2, with CN-spec comfort cab, St Félicien, Québec, Canada.
By Peter Van den Bossche (Flickr user LHOON - https://www.flickr.com/photos/lhoon/311486577/, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=1423208
South Shore Line GP38-2s idle near the Michigan City shops.
BNSF Railway GP38-2 no. 2273 at Lincoln, Nebraska, in 2014.
By Augy8400 - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=42111969
ONT No. 1806 at Huntsville, Ontario.
By Milan Suvajac - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=40255120
EMD GP38-2 Diesel-Electric Locomotive
The EMD GP38-2 is a four-axle diesel-electric locomotive of the road switcher type built by General Motors, Electro-Motive Division. Part of the EMD Dash 2 line, the GP38-2 was an upgraded version of the earlier GP38. Power is provided by an EMD 645E 16-cylinder engine, which generates 2000 horsepower (1.5 MW). Most units built still remain in service in the modern era due to ease of maintenance and exceptional reliability.
The GP38-2 differs externally from the earlier GP38 only in minor details. Its most distinctive identifying feature is the cooling water level sight glass on the right side of the long hood. The battery box covers of the Dash 2's are bolted down instead of hinged. It can be distinguished from the contemporary GP39-2 and GP40-2 in that its Roots blown engine had two exhaust stacks, one on each side of the dynamic brake fan, if equipped, while the turbocharged GP39-2 and GP40-2 has a single stack. The GP39-2 has two radiator fans on the rear of the long hood like the GP38-2, while the GP40-2 has three. It was also available with either a high-short-hood, common on Norfolk Southern units, or a low-short-hood, which is found on most other railroads.
The GP38-2W is a Canadian variant of the GP38-2 and a forerunner of today's wide-nose units. It is easily distinguished by its wide-nose Canadian comfort cab. 51 of these locomotives were produced for Canadian National Railways during 1973–1974.
Although a W is commonly suffixed to the name, it is actually an addition by enthusiasts to help specify the presence of a CN-spec comfort cab. No locomotives built using CN's design of comfort cab ever featured a W in their designation, as the presence of the cab did not mechanically alter the locomotive. This is reflected by the lack of the "W" in the model designation on the builders' plates of these units.
There are snow shields above the inertial-filter central air intakes behind the cab; the electrical boxes and equipment blower behind the cab also differ in detail from a standard GP38-2. They are otherwise identical.
1,799 examples of this locomotive model were built for American railroads and industrial concerns, 257 for Canadian railroads and industrials, 156 for Mexicanrailroads and industrials, and 1 export unit for the Saudi Government Railways. A total of 31 GP38-2s were built with high-short-hoods containing steam generators for passenger service on Mexican railways. In addition, all 257 of Southern Railway's GP38-2s had Southern's "standard" high-short-hoods.
Angelina and Neches River Railroad
Road number: 2000
Road number: B-84
Atlanta & St. Andrews Bay Railway
Road numbers: 508–510
Belt Railway of Chicago
Road numbers: 490–495
Boston & Maine Railroad
Road numbers: 201–212
Burlington Northern Railroad
Road numbers: 2078–2109, 2150–2154
Butte, Anaconda and Pacific Railway
Road numbers: 108–109
Chicago & North Western Railway
Road numbers: 4600–4634
Chicago, South Shore & South Bend Railroad
Road numbers: 2000–2009
Cleveland Electric Illuminating Co.
Road numbers: 100–108
Road numbers: 6000-6006
Colorado and Wyoming Railway
Road numbers: 2001–2002
Road numbers: 8163–8281
Curtis, Milburn & Eastern Railroad
Road numbers: 810, 817-819
Detroit, Toledo & Ironton Railroad
Road numbers: 221–228
Durham and Southern Railway
Road numbers: 2000–2003
Elgin, Joliet & Eastern Railway
Road numbers: 700–704
Florida East Coast Railway
Road numbers: 501–511
Road numbers: 6009-6010, 6051-6052
Grand Trunk Western Railroad
Road numbers: 5812–5836
Gulf, Mobile & Ohio Railroad
Road numbers: 740–754
Illinois Central Gulf Railroad
Road numbers: 9600–9639
Illinois Terminal Railroad
Road numbers: 2001–2004
Kansas City Southern Railway
Road numbers: 4000–4011
Lehigh Valley Railroad
Road numbers: 314–325
Long Island Rail Road
Road numbers: 250–277
Louisville & Nashville Railroad
Road numbers: 4050–4144, 6011-6044
Road numbers: 350–365
Mississippi Export Railroad
Road numbers: 65–66
Road numbers: 304–321
Missouri Pacific Railroad
Road numbers: 858–959, 2111–2237, 2290–2334
Penn Central Transportation
Road numbers: 7940–8162
Phelps Dodge Corporation
Road numbers: 1–4, 9, 55, 56, 58
Pittsburgh & Lake Erie Railroad
Road numbers: 2051–2056
Providence & Worcester Railroad
Road numbers: 2006–2009
Public Service Co. of Indiana
Road numbers: WG1-WG2
Road numbers: 4300–4355, 4368-4379
San Manuel Arizona Railroad
Road numbers: 16–17
Seaboard Coast Line Railroad
Road numbers: 500–555, 6045-6050, 6053-6065
Soo Line Railroad
Road numbers: 790–799, 4410–4452
South East Coal Co.
Road numbers: 3821–3823
Road numbers: 5000–5256
Southern Pacific Railroad
Road numbers: 4800–4844
St. Louis - San Francisco Railway
Road numbers: 400–478, 663–699
Texas Mexican Railway
Road numbers: 861–867
Toledo, Peoria and Western Railway
Road numbers: 2001–2011
Union Pacific Railroad
Road numbers: 2000–2059
Ferrocarriles Unidos del Sureste (Mexico)
Road numbers: 514-521, 528-533
Road numbers: 201–202
Notes: Locomotives built by GMD, London, Ontario, Canada.
Algoma Central Railway (Canada)
Road numbers: 200-205
Canadian National Railways
Road numbers: 5500–5559
Canadian National Railways
Road numbers: 5560–5610
Canadian Pacific Railway
Road numbers: 3021–3135
Devco Railway (Canada)
Road numbers: 216–228
Ontario Northland Railway (Canada)
Road numbers: 1800–1809
Texas Gulf Sulphur (Canada)
Road numbers: 054–055
Export Locomotives built by EMD for Other Railroads
Altos Hornos de Mexico
Road numbers: 141, 145, 157-158, 167-168
Ferrocarril Chihuahua al Pacifico (Mexico)
Road numbers: 900-911
Ferrocarriles Nacionales de México
Road numbers: 9200-9299, 9400-9414, 9901-9909
Saudi Government Railways (Kingdom of Saudi Arabia)
Road numbers: 2000
In popular culture
The GP38-2 is a player-drivable locomotive in Microsoft Train Simulator. Parts of the EMD GP38-2 are used to form the children's TV series Chuggington character, Dunbar. It is also used in Team Fortress 2 as a train.
A number of higher horsepower 40 Series locomotives have been rebuilt into the equivalent of a GP38-2, by removal of the turbocharger and the substitution of twin Roots blowers.
CSX and Norfolk Southern have both started replacing cabs on the aging locomotives. NS still calls them GP38-2 while CSX calls them GP38-3.
EMD GP38-2 Overview
Type and origin
Power type: Diesel-electric
Builder : U.S. - GM, Electro-Motive Division (EMD), Canada - General Motors Diesel (GMD)
Build date: January 1972 – July 1986
Total produced: 2,222
• AAR B-B
Gauge: 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Length: 59 ft 2 in (18.03 m)
Width: 10 ft 4.5 in (3.16 m)
Height: 15 ft 4 in (4.67 m)
Locomotive weight: 250,000 lb (113,400 kg)
Prime mover: EMD 16-645E
Engine type: V16 Two-stroke diesel
Aspiration: Roots-type blower
Alternator: AC alternator,
Traction motors: DC traction motors
Transmission: diesel electric
Locomotive brake: Straight air, Dynamic
Power output: 2,000 hp (1.49 MW)
Tractive effort: 61,000 lbf (271.34 kN)
Locale: North America, Saudi Arabia
Disposition: Most still in service as of 2015
Classic Streamliners - TRAINCYCLOPEDIA
NS No. 5044 (High short hood) at NS Inman Yard. (Ex-Southern).
By Railfan Jack (talk) - I (Railfan Jack (talk)) created this work entirely by myself.Transferred from en.wikipedia, GFDL, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=18207802
NS No. 5356 (Low short hood) at NS Botsford Yard. (Ex-Conrail).
By Railfan Jack (talk) - Own work (Original text: I created this work entirely by myself.), CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=20085542
Missouri Pacific EMD GP-38-2 Diesel Electric Road Switcher No. 875.
DeGolyer Library, Southern Methodist University.
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Text: wikipedia.org. Images: Public Domain; http://www.commons.wikimedia.org (unless otherwise specified) and 17 U.S. Code § 107 fair use. References: Lewis, Robert G. The Handbook of American Railroads. New York: Simmons-Boardman Publishing Corporation, 1951, 2nd Edition 1956. Site Map Contact webmaster HERE.