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The Canadian in Banff, Alberta, led by VIA FP9ARM No. 6304, May 25, 1986.
VIA Rail FP9ARM No. 6303 stored in Montreal.
GMD Canada logo.

Via FP9ARM No. 6309 undergoing restoration at the Canadian Railway Museum in Saint-Constant, Quebec, September 2007.

By ...some guy (originally posted to Flickr as VIA GM FP9) [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

The Canadian in Banff, Alberta, led by VIA FP9ARM No. 6304, May 25, 1986.

By Manfred Kopka - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=43303742

VIA logo.

VIA Rail FP9ARM No. 6303 stored in Montreal.

Jsp3970 at English Wikipedia [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0) or GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html)], via Wikimedia Commons

Via FP9ARM No. 6309 undergoing restoration at the Canadian Railway Museum in Saint-Constant, Quebec, September 2007.
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VIA FP9ARM Diesel Locomotive
The Via Rail FP9ARM was a re-manufactured version of a GMD FP9A Diesel passenger locomotive.

History
In the early 1980s, Via encountered reliability problems with its motive power. While an order for GMD F40PHs was expected to be announced, Via needed to something in the interim to improve service on its routes.

Via Rail had a surplus of steam-heated GMD Via FP9A units built in the 1950s and so fifteen of these units were chosen to be re-manufactured. The first twelve units, 6300–6311, were re-manufactured at the CN Pointe St-Charles shops in Montreal while the final three, 6312–6314, were re-manufactured at the CN shops in Moncton, New Brunswick. As part of the re-manufacturing many original components were replaced or upgraded - the original 16-567C engines were rebuilt with 645E series power assemblies, and the Woodward governor was revised, thereby raising the net power for traction from 1,750 to 1,800 hp (1,300 to 1,340 kW).

The first five, re-manufactured in 1983 and early 1984 were out-shopped without steam generators became Via Rail class GPA-418a while the remainder, re-manufactured with Vapor-OK steam generators in mid-1984 to mid-1985 became Via Rail class GPA-418b.

By 1997 Via Rail had retired virtually all of its older steam-heated rolling stock. It was felt that many of the FP9ARMs were still usable, and some of the units had their steam generators and associated piping removed and were retrofitted with head end power alternators. 6300, 6302, 6304, 6307, 6308, 6311 and 6313 all had this done, with the remainder of the units put into storage.

All units were retired and stricken from the active roster upon the completion of delivery of the 900-series P42DCs in late 2001.

Operations
After rebuilding the FP9ARM units could be found in service across Canada.

In later years the locomotives were used on services in Northern Manitoba and in Northern Quebec. Their use on these lines allowed for the GMD Via F40PH-2 previously used on these lines to be transferred to other duties. They remained on these lines until retirement.

Accidents
The 6310 and 6314 were both wrecked in 1993.

Preservation
One example, 6309, has been loaned to the Canadian Railway Museum, located at Saint-Constant, Quebec. A second unit, 6300, is currently used by Via Rail as a shop switcher in Vancouver, B C. Engine 6508 is in use by Ontario Southland Railway near Woodstock, ON, Canada and sees regular duty pulling trains from the CAMI GM Yard in Ingersoll, ON, Canada to the CP yard in Woodstock, ON, Canada.

Fleet details
No. 6300 - Formerly 6524. Serial no. A1196. Build date 04/57. Re-manufactured 12/83. Note: Still occasionally used as a switcher at the Vancouver Maintenance Centre.
No. 6301 - Formerly 6534. Serial no. A1394. Build date 05/58. Re-manufactured 12/83. Note: Stored at the Montreal Maintenance Centre.
No. 6302 - Formerly 6533. Serial no. A1393. Build date 05/58. Re-manufactured 12/83. Note: Sold Georgia Southwestern Railroad 6302.
No. 6303 - Formerly 6539. Serial no. A1399. Build date 07/58. Re-manufactured 12/83. Note: Sold Ontario Southland Railway 1400.
No. 6304 - Formerly 6509. Serial no. A639. Build date 12/54. Re-manufactured 03/84. Note: Sold IFE Leasing 6304.
No. 6305 - Formerly 6508. Serial no. A638. Build date 12/54. Re-manufactured 06/84. Note: Sold Ontario Southland Railway 6508.
No. 6306 - Formerly 6520. Serial no. A1050. Build date 03/57. Re-manufactured 06/84. Note: Sold Les Trains Touristique St. Laurant.
No. 6307 - Formerly 6515. Serial no. A1045. Build date 01/57. Re-manufactured 10/84. Note: Sold Ohio Central Railroad 6307.
No. 6308 - Formerly 6521. Serial no. A1051. Build date 03/57. Re-manufactured 12/84. Note: Sold Georgia Southwestern Railroad 6308.
No. 6309 - Formerly 6528. Serial no. A1200. Build date 05/57. Re-manufactured 12/84. Note: Loaned to Exporail/Canadian Railway Museum.
No. 6310 - Formerly 6532. Serial no. A1204. Build date 05/57. Re-manufactured 12/84. Note: Wrecked, 09/04/1993, scrapped.
No. 6311 - Formerly 6529. Serial no. A1201. Build date 05/57. Re-manufactured 12/84. Note: Sold IFE Leasing 6311
No. 6312 - Formerly 6523. Serial no. A1195. Build date 03/57. Re-manufactured 12/84. Note: Sold Ontario Southland Railway 1401.
No. 6313 - Formerly 6526. Serial no. A1198. Build date04/57. Re-manufactured 03/85. Note: Sold Ohio Central Railroad 6313.
No. 6314 - Formerly 6527. Serial no. A1199. Build date 04/57. Re-manufactured 05/85. Note: Wrecked, 09/04/1993, scrapped.

GMD FP9ARM Overview
Type and origin
Power type: Diesel-electric
Builder: CN Rail (GMD)
Model: FP9ARM
Specifications
AAR wheel arrangement: B-B
Gauge: 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Length: 54 ft 8 in (16.66 m)
Prime mover EMD 645C
Engine type: V16 diesel
Cylinders: 16
Performance figures
Power output: 1,800 hp (1,300 kW)
Career
Locale: North America

See also:

FP9

GMD Locomotives