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Texas & Pacific Steam Locomotive No. 610 in Palestine, Texas.
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Texas & Pacific Steam Locomotive No. 610 in Palestine, Texas.

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Texas and Pacific No. 610
Texas and Pacific 610 is a 2-10-4 steam locomotive that was originally operated by the Texas and Pacific Railway (T&P). Built in 1927, 610 was a major work-horse for the Texas & Pacific. By the early 1950s, however, the T&P had scrapped all of their "Texas" type locomotives, save 610 and 638, with 610 being donated to the Fort Worth Fat Stock Show in 1951, and the locomotive sat on display at the Will Rogers Memorial Center.

In 1976, the locomotive was restored so it could be used to haul the American Freedom Train for the portion of its tour in Texas. After pulling the American Freedom Train, the locomotive was leased by the Southern Railway in 1977 for use in its steam excursion program. The Southern Railway re-lettered the locomotive as Southern 610, and operated it for four years, before returning it to Texas in 1981.

The locomotive is now on display at the Texas State Railroad in Palestine, Texas; it is the only surviving example of a T&P "Texas" type locomotive.

The locomotive is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Texas and Pacific No. 610 Overview
Type and origin
Power type: Steam
Builder: Lima Locomotive Works
Order number: 1101
Serial number: 7237
Build date: June 1927
Configuration: 2-10-4
UIC class: 1′E2′ h2
Gauge: 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Driver diameter: 63 in (1,600 mm)
Adhesive weight: 300,000 lb (140,000 kilograms; 140 metric tons)
Locomotive weight: 448,000 lb (203,000 kilograms; 203 metric tons)
Fuel type: Oil
Fuel capacity: 5,000 US gal (19,000 l; 4,200 imp gal)
Water capacity: 14,000 US gal (53,000 l; 12,000 imp gal)
Boiler pressure: 255 lbf/in2 (1.76 MPa)
Cylinders: Two
Cylinder size: 29 in × 32 in (737 mm × 813 mm)
Valve gear: Baker
Performance figures
Tractive effort Locomotive: 92,590 lbf (411.9 kN),
Tractive effort Booster: 13,300 lbf (59.2 kN)
Factor of adhesion: 3.27
Operator: Texas and Pacific Railway
Class: I-1a
Number in class: 1st of 15
Retired: 1951 (revenue)
Retired: 1981 (excursion)
Restored: 1976
Disposition: Static display at the Texas State Railroad State Historical Park, Palestine, Texas
Texas & Pacific Steam Engine No. 610
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
NRHP Reference No. 77001477
Added to NRHP: March 25, 1977

See also:

Texas & Pacific Railway

2-10-4 Texas Type

Steam Locomotives

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