Classic Streamliners - TRAINCYCLOPEDIA
A Challenger Slide Show
The Challengers were named passenger trains on the Union Pacific Railroad and the Chicago and North Western Railway (which was later replaced in 1955 by the Milwaukee Road). The economy service ran between Chicago, Illinois and the West Coast of the United States. The trains had full Pullman service and coach seating and were an attempt to draw Depression-Era riders back to the rails. Food service was advertised as "three meals for under a dollar a day." During the late 1930s the Challenger fleet was among the highest-patronized of American trains, and the best revenue producers of the UP passenger fleet. Discontinued in 1947, the Challenger name reappeared in 1954 on a streamliner. When Amtrak took over the nation's passenger service in 1971 it ended the Challenger once and for all.
In early June 1935 the Union Pacific transferred the heavyweight coaches and tourist sleeping cars of its Los Angeles Limited to a second section, the Challenger. The new train met with such success that the UP ordered 68 cars rebuilt, including 47 coaches, 16 Pullman sleeping cars, and 5 dining cars. The coaches had large reclining chairs and a new color scheme to make the interior more attractive, especially to women passengers. A lounge car was added in April of the following year.
In May 1936 the train commenced operation between Chicago and Los Angeles, California on its own schedule. 1937 saw the UP partnering with the Southern Pacific Railroad to add a train from Chicago to Oakland, California, a line that would take the name San Francisco Challenger (the original then became the Los Angeles Challenger).
Lounge cars were designed for single, double, and table seating. Porter service was available throughout the train, and most stations had agents on duty to assist passengers. Rare in the railroad industry, two coaches at the head of the train carried only women, one of these tailored for women with children. A registered nurse-stewardess was carried, another first. The women received $125 per month plus expenses.
Coach passengers had free pillows and tickets were pouched to avoid having to awaken passengers during the night. Station calls were eliminated during sleeping hours, and short-haul passengers were wakened by train crews before their destinations. All bright lights were extinguished during the night (only blue lighting was used after 10:00 p.m.). Lounge rooms at the ends of the coaches were provided for those who wished to remain awake.
Increased traffic during World War II led the UP to add the Furloughee Challenger to its roster on December 31, 1944; the train's name was changed to Military Challenger on December 23, 1945 and then to Advance Challenger on April 14, 1946. The train was discontinued on June 2, 1946; the entire Challenger fleet would be taken out of service the next year after the establishment of daily service for the entire City fleet. On December 8, 1953 the C&NW and UP announced that a Challenger between Chicago and Los Angeles would return with all-streamlined equipment, and on January 10 the first lightweight trainset hit the rails. The westbound Challenger completed its run in 39 hours 30 minutes, while eastbound ran 39 hours 45 minutes. Train 107 departed Chicago at 9:00 a.m. CST and arrived Los Angeles at 10:30 p.m. PST the next day; train 108 left L.A. at 2:00 p.m. PST and arrived Chicago 7:45 CST on the morning of the second day. In February 1955 dome coaches were added to the Challenger, the first on any UP train.
Disagreement with CNW over divisions of passenger revenues led UP to switch to the Milwaukee Road (MILW) for service to Chicago's Union Station (the trains had terminated at North Western Station) beginning November 1955. The Milwaukee Road embarked upon a repainting program and all its passenger rolling stock received Union Pacific's Armour Yellow and Harbor Mist Gray colors (the MILW retained its traditional orange-and-black livery for freight units). The Milwaukee Road received that portion of the operating revenue generated between Omaha and Chicago, and furnished 25% of the equipment used on the line.
The Challenger was combined between Chicago and Omaha with the Milwaukee Road's Midwest Hiawatha and appeared in timetables as the Challenger-Midwest Hiawatha; the departure from Los Angeles switched to 10 PM to allow a day trip east of Omaha. This ended in Spring 1956 when, in a cost-cutting measure, the Challenger and the City of Los Angeles were combined on the City of Los Angeles schedule. The Challenger reappeared as a separate train (with its morning departure from Chicago and 2 PM departure from Los Angeles) in the summer and holiday seasons of 1957 and 1958, but after summer 1960 it ran on the CoLA schedule year-round.
Further consolidations occurred in the 1960s and by 1970 the Challenger, City of Denver, City of Los Angeles, City of Portland, and City of San Francisco were combined into one giant train for much of their runs. Critics called the train the "City of Everywhere."
Sometime around 1970 the dome diners were withdrawn from all UP trains, although the dome coaches and dome lounge cars remained until the turnover of passenger service to Amtrak. Amtrak discontinued all UP trains, save for a modified City of San Francisco (via BN to Denver, thence via UP's Overland Route to Ogden and SP to Oakland/San Francisco), when it assumed long-distance passenger rail service throughout the United States on May 1, 1971.
The consist of the last train No. 107 to travel over the CNW (westbound) on October 29, 1955 included:
EMD E8A Locomotive CNW No. 5029B
Baggage UP No. 5648
Sleeper UP Alpine View (14 sections)
Pacific-series sleeper UP Pacific Beauty (10 roomettes, 6 double bedrooms)
Diner (48 seats) CNW No. 6956
Coach (48 seats) CNW No. 3418
Coach (44 seats) UP No. 5486
Dome-Coach UP No. 7000
Coach (44 seats) UP No. 5470
The last train No. 108 over the CNW (eastbound) consisted of:
2-EMD E-unit Locomotives (UP pair replaced with CNW units at Omaha)
Baggage UP No. 5640
Sleeper UP Alpine Camp (14 sections)
Pacific-series sleeper UP Pacific Mist (10 roomettes, 6 double bedrooms)
2-unit (articulated) Dormitory-Kitchen-Diner (48 seats) UP No. 5101 (taken off at Omaha)
Lounge car UP No. 1517 (taken off at Omaha)
Coach (44 seats) UP No. 5484 (taken off at Omaha)
Diner (48 seats) CNW No. 6956 (taken on at Omaha)
Dome-Coach UP No. 7002
Coach (44 seats) UP No. 5478
Dining aboard the Challenger
The meals served in the Challenger 's dining cars, while basic (definitely not the first-class fare found aboard the UP's streamliners, where a single meal might cost as much as $1.25) were ample, served on distinctive china and in portions large enough to satisfy even the heartiest traveler's appetite. Even as late as 1954 the meal selections were priced with the budget-conscious traveler in mind: breakfast cost 65¢, lunch was 85¢, and dinner could be had for $1.00.
Other railroad uses of the name Challenger
The Challenger name has also been applied to the 4-6-6-4 type steam-driven locomotives, the first of which were designed by the UP and built by the American Locomotive Company between 1936 and 1943. Best known among these is Union Pacific 3985, one of 105 Challengers built for the railroad; it is the largest operating steam locomotive in the world.
The dome car now called Challenger was built in 1958 by Pullman-Standard as UP dome coach No. 7015, the last such car built. It was reacquired by Union Pacific in 1989 and today operates as part of employee and other special trains.
The Union Pacific Challenger passenger train, circa 1953.
Text: wikipedia.org. Images: Public Domain; http://www.commons.wikimedia.org (unless otherwise specified) and 17 U.S. Code § 107 fair use. References: Lewis, Robert G. The Handbook of American Railroads. New York: Simmons-Boardman Publishing Corporation, 1951, 2nd Edition 1956. Site Map Contact webmaster HERE.
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