The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was chartered in 1827 and grew to be one of the largest passenger railways in the United States, often by acquiring other, smaller railroads. In Cleveland the B&O purchased two local companies, the Cleveland Lorain & Wheeling Railroad and the Cleveland, Terminal & Valley Railway Company in 1915.
From 1915 until 1962 the B&O provided overnight sleeping car service between Baltimore and Cleveland on the Cleveland Night Express. After June 1934, the Cleveland Night Express used Cleveland's Terminal Tower as its passenger station.
On February 7, 1956 the train had four passenger cars overturn in a sudden rockslide near McKeesport, Pennsylvania, no deaths occurred with only one injured.
Decline and End
In 1962, as railroad passenger traffic was declining nationwide, the B&O discontinued the Cleveland Night Express on December 7, 1962, which ended all B&O passenger service to Ohio's largest city, Cleveland.
Schedule and equipment
In 1961, the westbound Cleveland Night Express departed Union Station (Washington, D.C.) at 9:20 p.m. daily as train No. 17, arriving in Cleveland the following morning at 8:45 a.m., equipped with a Pullman sleeping car, coaches, and a lounge car having a snack bar serving what B&O described in its timetable as a "light breakfast" prior to arrival.
The westbound Cleveland Night Express train No. 17 made the following principal station stops, with a connecting Budd Rail Diesel Car departing at 8:10 p.m. from Baltimore, Maryland:
City / Departure time
Washington, D.C. 9:20 p.m.
Silver Spring, Maryland 9:35 p.m.
Harpers Ferry, West Virginia 10:29 p.m.
Martinsburg, West Virginia 11:20 a.m.
Cumberland, Maryland 1:05 a.m.
Connellsville, Pennsylvania 3:35 a.m.
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 5:15 a.m.
Youngstown, Ohio 6:43 a.m.
Akron, Ohio 7:45 a.m.
Cleveland, Ohio 8:45 a.m.
(Source: B&O timetable, October 29, 1961)
Classic Streamliners - TRAINCYCLOPEDIA
Route Map of the Cleveland Night Express.
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Text: wikipedia.org. Images: Public Domain; http://www.commons.wikimedia.org (unless otherwise specified) and 17 U.S. Code § 107 fair use. References: Lewis, Robert G. The Handbook of American Railroads. New York: Simmons-Boardman Publishing Corporation, 1951, 2nd Edition 1956. Site Map Contact webmaster HERE.