The B&O had been using RDCs in local Baltimore–Washington, D.C., commuter service since 1950. Pleased with their reliability and lower operating costs compared to heavyweight passenger trains drawn by steam locomotives, the B&O decided in 1955 to replace its money-losing Washingtonian steam train with RDCs, ordering four RDC-1s with reclining coach seats and two RDC-2s with baggage compartments. The RDC-equipped Daylight Speedliner entered service on October 28, 1956, and reduced the railroad's operating expenses by almost half, compared to the Washingtonian train it replaced.
After B&O discontinued passenger service north of Baltimore on April 26, 1958, the Daylight Speedliner operated between Baltimore and Pittsburgh, covering the 333-mile route on a seven-hour schedule, until its discontinuation on January 21, 1963.
The eastbound "Daylight Speedliner" of four RDCs, at Silver Spring, MD on August 5, 1960, the lead car is an unusual baggage-dining-coach combine.
"Daylight Speedliner (B&O)" by Source. Licensed under Fair use via Wikipedia - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Daylight_Speedliner_(B%26O).jpg#/media/File:Daylight_Speedliner_(B%26O).jpg
Schedule and equipment
In 1961, the westbound Daylight Speedliner, operating as B&O's Train No. 21, departed Baltimore at 9:00 a.m. and then Washington, D.C., at 10:00 a.m., arriving in Pittsburgh at 4:20 p.m. on the following schedule:
City / Departure time
Baltimore, Md. (Camden Station) 9:00 a.m.
Washington, D.C. (Union Station) 10:00 a.m.
Silver Spring, Md. 10:11 a.m.
Harpers Ferry, W. Va. 11:02 a.m.
Martinsburg, W. Va. 11:25 a.m.
Cumberland, Md. 12:55 p.m.
Connellsville, Pa. 3:00 p.m.
McKeesport, Pa. 3:55 p.m.
Pittsburgh, Pa. (P&LE Station) 4:20 p.m.
(Source: Baltimore and Ohio Railroad System Time Tables, April 30, 1961)
Unusual for RDCs, the lead RDC-2 car was configured by B&O as a combination dining car/baggage car/coach (pictured) offering full meal service, with the addition of a kitchen and six tables, listed in B&O's 1961 time table as a "refreshment diner". Two of these unique cars were built for the service; both survive today. One is on display at the B&O Railroad Museum in Baltimore, Md; the other is at the Danbury Railway Museum in Danbury, Conn.
Route Map of the Daylight Speedliner.
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Text: wikipedia.org. Images: Public Domain; http://www.commons.wikimedia.org (unless otherwise specified) and 17 U.S. Code § 107 fair use. References: Lewis, Robert G. The Handbook of American Railroads. New York: Simmons-Boardman Publishing Corporation, 1951, 2nd Edition 1956. Site Map Contact webmaster HERE.