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Kentucky Cardinal
The Kentucky Cardinal was a nightly 312-mile passenger train operated by Amtrak from 1999 to 2003 between Chicago, Illinois, and Louisville, Kentucky, via Indianapolis, Indiana. On the three days that the Cardinal ran, the Kentucky Cardinal operated as a section, splitting at Indianapolis. On the other four days, it ran on its own to Chicago.

History

Between May 1971–August 1974 Amtrak's Floridian ran from Chicago to Florida via Indianapolis and Louisville. Due to poor track conditions on the Penn Central trackage in Indiana, the train was rerouted to the west north of Nashville, Tennessee. In April 1975 the train was routed back east over the former Monon Railroad, again serving Louisville, but bypassing Indianapolis to the west. The Floridian served Louisville until its discontinuance in October 1979.

On December 17, 1999, the Kentucky Cardinal started running as an extension of the Hoosier State, which ran four days a week between Chicago and Indianapolis (filling in the gaps in the Cardinal schedule). The train, operated along trackage that had last been used by the Floridian in 1974, was an attempt to attract express business from United Parcel Service, which maintains its air-express hub at Louisville International Airport. At first the train only ran from Indianapolis south to Jeffersonville, Indiana, where a new Amtrak Mail and Express facility was built. The city of Louisville spent $370,000 in 2001 to renovate its Union Station for the service, and on December 4 the Kentucky Cardinal started to use a new track on the west side of the Union Station parking lot.

The train was handicapped by inconvenient departure and arrival times and slow travel times, especially on the segment from Indianapolis south to Louisville. This segment was operated over the Louisville and Indiana Railroad, which had purchased the line from Conrail in 1994, and had a speed limit of 30 miles per hour over most of the route due to its jointed rail. This made travel on the Kentucky Cardinal slower than automobile traffic on the parallel Interstate 65.

With the opening in 1999, Greyhound began running Thruway Motorcoach bus connections from Jeffersonville south to Nashville, Tennessee, with stops at Elizabethtown and Bowling Green, Kentucky. Though rail passenger advocates tried to get the train's route extended to Nashville in an effort to increase ridership, Amtrak lost its mail contract, and the Kentucky Cardinal last ran July 4, 2003, restoring the old Hoosier State on July 6 (the Cardinal ran both ways on July 5).

Route Details
For details north of Indianapolis, see Hoosier State.

The tracks used were originally part of the Pennsylvania Railroad system, and are now owned by the Louisville and Indiana Railroad. The following lines were used:

Louisville Bridge and Terminal Railway (PRR), Louisville, Kentucky, to Clarksville, Indiana, now L&I
Jeffersonville, Madison and Indianapolis Railroad (PRR), Clarksville to Indianapolis, Indiana, now L&I

Station Stops
The Kentucky Cardinal ran as trains 850 southbound and 851 northbound. Three days of the week, it was grouped with the Cardinal, trains 50 and 51, north of Indianapolis. The Kentucky Cardinal made the following station stops:

Kentucky
Louisville
Indiana
Jeffersonville
Indianapolis
Crawfordsville
Lafayette
Rensselaer
Dyer
Illinois
Chicago

The Kentucky Cardinal at Jeffersonville, Indiana in 2001.

The Kentucky Cardinal at Jeffersonville, Indiana in 2001
Kentucky Cardinal Overview
Service type: Inter-city rail
Locale: Midwestern United States
Predecessor: Hoosier State
First service: December 17, 1999
Last service: July 5, 2003
Successor: Hoosier State
Current operator: Amtrak
Route
Start: Chicago
Stops: 6
End: Louisville
Distance traveled: 312 miles
Service frequency: Daily
Train numbers: 850/851
Technical
Track gauge: 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in
Track owners: LI, CSXT, CN, UP, Metra

Route
Distance / Station
0 – Chicago
Illinois/Indiana border
29 mi – Dyer
74 mi – Rensselaer
122 mi – Lafayette
149 mi – Crawfordsville
196 mi – Indianapolis

Cardinal to Washington, D.C.
307 mi – Jeffersonville
14th Street Bridge (Ohio River)
Indiana/Kentucky border
312 mi – Louisville

See also:

Illinois Central Railroad

Amtrak

Named Passenger Trains