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A Southern New York Times advertisement touting the Pelican service.

By Source, Fair use, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?curid=24383328

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Southern Railway's Pelican advertisement.

The Pelican
The Pelican was a named train of the Southern Railway which ran from New York City to New Orleans and back until 1970.

Operations
The Pelican (Train No. 41 and No. 42) departed New York's Pennsylvania Station going south via the Pennsylvania Railroad to Washington, DC, then on Southern's line to Lynchburg, Virginia, then to Bristol, Virginia via the Norfolk and Western Railroad with a major stop in Roanoke, Virginia. From Bristol to New Orleans, the Pelican ran on Southern's line with major station stops in Knoxville, Tennessee, Chattanooga, Tennessee, Birmingham, Alabama and Meridian, Mississippi.

Train Number 42, the northbound Pelican reversed the route.

In 1957, The Pelican carried:

A New York to New Orleans 10-roomette-6-double-bedroom sleeping car;
A New York to Knoxville, Tennessee 10-roomette-6-double-bedroom car;
A Washington, D.C. to Shreveport, Louisiana 8-section-5-double-bedroom car (handled by Illinois Central Railroad between Meridian, Mississippi and Shreveport);
A New York to Knoxville, Tennessee 10-roomette-6-double-bedroom car;
A New York to Bristol 10-roomette-6-double-bedroom car;
A Washington, D.C. to Williamson, West Virginia 10-roomette-6-double-bedroom car (handled by Norfolk and Western Railway's The Cavalier) between Roanoke, Virginia and Williamson;
A Petersburg, Virginia to Bristol 10-section-1-compartment-2-double-bedroom car (handled by Norfolk and Western Railway's The Cavalier between Petersburg and Roanoke;
A Roanoke to Birmingham, Alabama dining car;
Washington to New Orleans coaches.

History
With passenger traffic declining, the Pelican was combined with the Birmingham Special in 1970.

Pelican Overview
Service type: Inter-city rail
Last service: 1970
Former operator: Southern Railway
Route
Start: New York, New York
End: New Orleans, Louisiana

See also:

Southern Railway

Named Passenger Trains

Southern Rwy herald