Classic Streamliners - TRAIN​CYCLOPEDIA

The Texas Chief
The Texas Chief was a named passenger train operated by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway between Chicago, Illinois, and Galveston, Texas. It operated from 1948 to 1974. It was the first Santa Fe "Chief" outside the Chicago–Los Angeles route. The Santa Fe conveyed the Texas Chief to Amtrak in 1971; Amtrak would rename it the Lone Star in 1974.

History
Santa Fe
The Santa Fe introduced the Texas Chief on April 3, 1948. The train competed with the Texas Eagle (Missouri Pacific Railroad) and the Texas Special (Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad/St. Louis–San Francisco Railway). The journey from Chicago to Galveston required 26 hours 15 minutes, ten hours faster the previous service on the route. Service to Dallas, Texas, began in 1955. Patronage was strong; historian Keith L. Bryant Jr. credited the Texas Chief with causing the withdrawal of the Texas Special. The Texas Chief was the first major train outside the Chicago–Los Angeles route to carry the "Chief" moniker popularized by the Chief and Super Chief.

Amtrak
Amtrak retained the Texas Chief between Chicago and Houston. In 1973 Amtrak proposed re-routing the Texas Chief to serve Dallas. This new route would use the Southern Pacific between Dallas and Houston. Opposition from the SP killed the plan. In 1974 the Santa Fe withdrew permission to use the name due to a perceived decline in service, so Amtrak renamed it the Lone Star. The general decline in passenger traffic in the 1960s led to cutbacks on the Texas Chief. Service south of Houston, Texas, ended in April 1967. The Dallas section ended on August 4, 1968.

The Dallas section of the "Texas Chief" train No. 116, northbound, departing from Dallas on the afternoon of January 8, 1956.

["Texas Chief" leaving Dallas], Photograph, January 8, 1956; (http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth28628/ : accessed December 18, 2015), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, http://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Museum of the American Railroad, Dallas, Texas.

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A Texas Chief Slide Show.

(Photo Credits listed below)

Rolling stock
The Texas Chief debuted with new equipment, including coaches, Pullman sleeping cars, a dining car, and a lounge. In 1966 the Santa Fe assigned its 10 new GE U28CG diesel locomotives to the Texas Chief. After 1968 excess Hi-Level coaches from the El Capitan and San Francisco Chief could be found on the Texas Chief, along with Big Dome full-length dome lounges from the discontinued Chief.

The Texas Chief featured a wide variety of equipment during its short Amtrak tenure. In addition to ex-Santa Fe equipment such as Hi-Level coaches and Big Domes, Amtrak assigned Vista-Dome dormitory-buffet-lounge-observation cars from the former California Zephyr.

Route

Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe - November 28, 1948
Train Numbers 15, 16
Miles
0.0 Chicago, IL (Dearborn Sta.)
37.5 Joliet, IL
89.6 Streator, IL
130.1 Chillicothe, IL
177.5 Galesburg, IL
232.9 Ft. Madison, IA
234.6 Shopton, IA
312.7 La Plata, MO
347.3 Marceline, MO
451.1 Kansas City, MO
Through Sleeper Chicago-Tulsa, Connecting Train Number 47
0.0 Kansas City, MO
256.1 Tulsa, OK (CT)
451.1 Kansas City, MO
Emporia, KS
636.2 Newton, KS
663.4 Wichita, KS
701.9 Winfield, KS
714.5 Arkansas City, KS
740.0 Ponca City, OK
772.7 Perry, OK
803.7 Guthrie, OK
835.1 Oklahoma City, OK
852.9 Norman, OK
868.4 Purcell, OK
890.4 Pauls Valley, OK
935.3 Ardmore, OK
952.8 Marietta, OK
975.2 Gainesville, TX
1,039.7 Fort Worth, TX (Dallas via bus)
1,068.4 Cleburne, TX
1,142.6 McGregor, TX
1,167.9 Temple, TX
1,279.5 Bellville Yard, TX
1,359.3 Houston, TX (Union Station)
1,412.3 Galveston, TX (CT)

Equipment
No. 15—Chicago to Galveston—Daily (Texas Chief).
Non Extra Fare Streamliner Service, Pullman and Chair Cars.
Courier-Nurse Service.
Lounge Car...Chicago to Galveston.
Sleeping Car...Chicago to Galveston—24 Duplex Roomettes.
Chicago to Galveston—6 Roomettes, 6-Section, 4 Double Bedrooms or 6 Double Bedrooms, 2 Drawing-room, 2 Compartments.
Chicago to Wichita—6 Roomettes, 6-Section, 4 Double Bedrooms.
Chicago to Oklahoma City—6-Section, 6 Roomettes, 4 Double Bedrooms.
Chicago to Tulsa—8-Section, 2 Compartments, 2 Double Bedrooms (on No. 47 from Kansas City).
Dining Car...Chicago to Galveston. (Fred Harvey service.) Breakfast 95c. and up; Luncheon a la carte; Dinner $1.50 and up; also a la carte service.
Chair Cars...Chicago to Galveston. (Ladies' Lounge and Men's Dressing-room.)

No. 16—Galveston to Chicago—Daily (Texas Chief).
Non Extra Fare Streamliner Service, Pullman and Chair Cars.
Courier-Nurse Service.
Lounge Car...Galveston to Chicago.
Sleeping Car...Galveston to Chicago—6 Roomettes, 6-Section, 4 Double Bedrooms or 6 Double Bedrooms, 2 Drawing-room, 2 Compartments.
Galveston to Chicago—24 Duplex Roomettes.
Oklahoma City to Chicago—6-Section, 6 Roomettes, 4 Double Bedrooms.
Wichita to Chicago—6 Roomettes, 6-Section, 4 Double Bedrooms.
Dining Car...Galveston to Chicago. (Fred Harvey Service.) Breakfast 95c. and up; Luncheon a la carte; Dinner $1.50 and up; also a la carte service.
Chair Cars...Galveston to Chicago. (Ladies' Lounge and Men's Dressing-room.)

See also:

Super Chief

AT&SF

Named Passenger Trains

Texas Chief drum head.
The Dallas section of the Texas Chief departing Dallas in 1956.

Slideshow Photo Credits: *(b) - Plummer, Roger S. ["Texas Chief" arriving at the Gainesville Depot], Photograph, February 12, 1954; (http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth28623/ : accessed December 18, 2015), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, http://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Museum of the American Railroad, Dallas, Texas.
*(c) - [Dining car on Santa Fe's "Texas Chief"], Photograph, ca. 1956; (http://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth28688/ : accessed December 18, 2015), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, http://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Museum of the American Railroad, Dallas, Texas.
All others: By SMU Central University Libraries, Everett L. DeGolyer Jr. collection of United States railroad photographs.

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