Classic Streamliners - TRAINCYCLOPEDIA
A 4-6-2 President-class Pacific steam locomotive pulls westbound B&O Train No. 21, the Washingtonian, along the Potomac River near Hansrote, West Virginia, on October 30, 1952. By Source, Fair use, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?curid=16670570
Route of the B&O Washingtonian, in orange (P&LE and Erie Railroad Steel King in yellow).
In its final year of service, westbound Washingtonian Train No. 21 operated on the following schedule:
City - Departure time
Baltimore, Md. (Mount Royal) 9:00 a.m.
Washington, D.C. (Union Station) 10:05 a.m.
Martinsburg, W. Va. 11:36 a.m.
Cumberland, Md. 1:15 p.m.
Connellsville, Pa. 4:11 p.m.
McKeesport, Pa. 5:12 p.m.
Pittsburgh, Pa. (P&LE Station) 6:05 p.m.
Youngstown, Ohio 7:35 p.m.
Cleveland, Ohio (Union Terminal) 9:00 p.m.
Source: Official Guide of the Railways, February, 1956.
The Washingtonian was one of two daily American named passenger trains operated by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) during the 1940s–1950s between Baltimore, Maryland and Cleveland, Ohio, via Washington, D. C. and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. It was the last B&O long-haul passenger train to be powered by a steam locomotive from the venerable railroad's namesake city.
Inaugurated on April 27, 1941, the Washingtonian was primarily a daytime train with a morning departure, in contrast to B&O's other train on the route, the Cleveland Night Express. Between Pittsburgh and Cleveland, the Washingtonian's cars left B&O rails and were coupled to the Steel King train of the Pittsburgh and Lake Erie Railroad (P&LE) to Youngstown, Ohio, where the Erie Railroad handled the train to Cleveland.
The Washingtonian was regularly operated with steam locomotives on B&O's Baltimore–Washington, D. C.–Cumberland, Maryland mainline until November 3, 1953, when it was finally assigned diesel locomotives. The diesel-powered, conventionally-equipped Washingtonian was replaced on October 27, 1956, by the faster and more economical Budd Rail Diesel Car (RDC) Daylight Speedliner between Philadelphia, Baltimore, Washington, and Pittsburgh, reducing operating expenses by half. The streamlined Daylight Speedliner's seven-hour schedule on B&O's 333-mile Baltimore–Pittsburgh route also trimmed almost two hours travel time compared to the Washingtonian.
Schedule and equipment
The westbound Washingtonian, operating as Train # 21, left Baltimore at 9:00 a.m., arriving in Cleveland twelve hours later at 9:00 p.m. Eastbound, the Washingtonian was designated Train No. 22. The train's consist was typically a pair of baggage/express cars, a Railway Post Office car, three air conditioned coaches, and a combination parlor-diner-lounge car. In the late 1940s, as many as six additional coaches were added on weekends to accommodate the throngs of East Coast-bound passengers boarding the train at the numerous Appalachian Mountain communities along the B&O's right-of-way.
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Text: wikipedia.org. Images: Public Domain; http://www.commons.wikimedia.org (unless otherwise specified) and 17 U.S. Code § 107 fair use. References: Lewis, Robert G. The Handbook of American Railroads. New York: Simmons-Boardman Publishing Corporation, 1951, 2nd Edition 1956. Site Map Contact webmaster HERE.