Classic Streamliners - TRAINCYCLOPEDIA
The Horizon is a single-level model of rail car used by Amtrak, primarily on short-haul corridor routes in the Midwestern United States. Bombardier Transportation built 104 of the cars in 1988–1989 based on the Comet II commuter coach design.
The Horizon was adapted from the Comet, a single-level commuter coach originally designed and built by Pullman-Standard in 1970–1973 for the Erie Lackawanna Railroad. Bombardier delivered two basic types: a coach and a cafe. The coaches could seat between 76–82 in standard configuration; 14 were built as accessible coaches and sat 72. The entire coach fleet was later rebuilt to be accessible, with maximum seating now 68–72. The Horizon has a maximum speed of 125 mph (201 km/h).
Bombardier Transportation manufactured 104 Horizon-type cars for Amtrak: 86 coaches and 18 food service cars, in Cafe/Club (half table seating, half business class seating) and Dinette (all table seating) configurations. The first Horizon cars entered service in April, 1989. In 1994 Amtrak considered ordering a further 23 cars to replace the gas-turbine Turboliner trainsets on the Empire Corridor but continuing budget woes prevented this.
Amtrak's Horizon passenger cars primarily are used on trains based out of Amtrak's Chicago division including the Illinois Service (Carl Sandburg, Illini, Illinois Zephyr, Lincoln Service & Saluki), Michigan Services (Blue Water & Wolverine), Hiawatha, Hoosier State and Missouri River Runner. Several Horizon cars are assigned to Amtrak's Los Angeles division for use on the Pacific Surfliner route. The California Department of Transportation has also paid to lease and refurbish 3 Dinettes (all table seating) for use as café cars on the San Joaquin route. These cars are assigned to Amtrak's Oakland division.
In service: 1989–present
Manufacturer: Bombardier Transportation
Family name: Comet (railcar)
Number built: 104 - 86 coaches, 18 food-service
Depots: Chicago, Los Angeles, Oakland
Lines served: Blue Water, Carl Sandburg, Hiawatha, Hoosier State, Illini, Illinois Zephyr, Lincoln Service, Missouri River Runner, Pacific Surfliner, San Joaquin, Saluki, Wolverine
Car length: 85 feet (26 m)
Width: 10 feet (3.0 m)
Height: 13 feet (4.0 m)
Doors: 2 manually operated dutch doors per side
Maximum speed: 125 miles per hour (201 km/h)
Power supply: 480 V AC 60 Hz Head end power
Braking system: Air
Coupling system: AAR
Track gauge: 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)
Shoreliner - Similar cars operated by Metro-North Railroad.
The interior of a Horizon coach on the Carl Sandburg as it awaits departure at Plano, Illinois, November 30, 2013.
By David Wilson from Oak Park, Illinois, USA - 20131130 03 Amtrak, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=33826163
Amtrak Horizon passenger cars at Springfield, Illinois.
By Jeramey Jannene from Milwaukee, WI, United States of America - Train BoardingUploaded by Mackensen, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=31055538
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Text: wikipedia.org. Images: Public Domain; http://www.commons.wikimedia.org (unless otherwise specified) and 17 U.S. Code § 107 fair use. References: Lewis, Robert G. The Handbook of American Railroads. New York: Simmons-Boardman Publishing Corporation, 1951, 2nd Edition 1956. Site Map Contact webmaster HERE.