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The Pacific Sands Sleeper, shown here on the "Feather River Express II" excursion train, August 21, 2010.

By David Brossard - Pacific Sands Pullman Sleeper, CC BY-SA 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=34220538

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Pacific Series Sleeper
The Pacific series was a fleet of fifty lightweight streamlined sleeping cars built by the Budd Company for the Union Pacific Railroad in 1949–1950. Each car contained ten roomettes and six double bedrooms. Union Pacific sold several to the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad (the "Milwaukee Road") in the late 1960s; Amtrak purchased most of the fleet in the early 1970s. Several remain in use as business cars.

Design
After World War II the 10-roomette 6-double bedroom (colloquially the "10-6 sleeper") design proved popular in the United States, with 682 such cars manufactured. All fifty Pacific series cars were built on Budd lot number 9660.039, and allocated Pullman Plan 9522. In this design the ten roomettes were numbered 1-10 and split down the middle by a hallway, while all six double bedrooms (designated A-F) were off to one side. A bathroom and porter's room were located across from each other at the vestibule end of the car. The car sides were corrugated instead of smooth, which was uncommon for Union Pacific equipment.

Service history
Budd delivered the fifty cars between December 1949 and June 1950; the "largest class of sleepers on the Union Pacific rails." The Union Pacific used the Pacific series on various overnight streamliners in the 1950s and 1960s. The Milwaukee Road purchased five from the Union Pacific in June 1969 for use in the jointly-operated Overland Route passenger services. The final iteration of the Union Pacific's "City of Everywhere" (the joint operation of the Challenger, City of Denver, City of Los Angeles, City of Portland, and City of San Francisco) included four Pacific series sleeping cars, three from the Union Pacific and one from the Milwaukee Road.

Between 1971–1974 Amtrak purchased 43 of the Pacific series cars from the Union Pacific. Most were retired from service in the mid-1980s; several Amtrak rebuilt as crew dormitory cars and those remained in service into the 2000s. One, Pacific Cape, remains in use as a business car. The Union Pacific retained Pacific Domain, renamed Cabarton, as a staff car.

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he Pacific Sands Sleeper, shown here on the Feather River Express II excursion train, August 21, 2010.
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Pacific Series Overview
In service: 1949–present
Manufacturer: Budd Company
Order number: Lot 9660.039
Constructed: 1949–1950
Number built: 50
Diagram: Pullman Plan 9522
Capacity 22: 10 roomettes and 6 bedrooms
Operators
Union Pacific Railroad (1949–1971)
Milwaukee Road (1969–1971)
Amtrak (1971–present)
Specifications
Car body construction: Shotwelded stainless steel
Car length: 85 feet
Train heating: Steam heat, electro-mechanical air conditioning
Trucks: 41-CUDO-11
Braking system: HSCE D-22 BR disc brakes
Track gauge: 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in

See also:

Placid Series

Astra-Dome

Rail Passenger Cars