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Iowa Pacific's Colorado Pine, originally built for the L&N in 1951, at Chicago in 2015.
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Iowa Pacific's Colorado Pine, originally built for the L&N in 1951, at Chicago in 2015.

By Charles Fulton - Colorado Pine left, CC BY 2.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=61231669

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Pine series Railcar
The Pine series was a fleet of sleeping cars built by Pullman-Standard in 1953. The cars were built according to Pullman plan 4183; each contained six sections, six roomettes and four double bedrooms (colloquially "6-6-4"). The cars were originally owned by the Louisville and Nashville Railroad (L&N), the Chicago and Eastern Illinois Railroad (C&EI), and the Nashville, Chattanooga and St. Louis Railway (NC&StL).

Design
Pullman-Standard surveyed over 2,000 passengers during the design phase of the Pine series, and based on their suggestions implemented several improvements to the exterior and interior design. The new cars rode more smoothly than their predecessors. On the inside, Pullman incorporated postwar improvements such as air-conditioning, fluorescent lighting, and sponge-rubber seats. A major improvement over the pre-war American series 6-6-4 sleeping car was the rearrangement of the accommodation: in the American series the premium-priced double bedrooms were at the vestibule end of the car over one of the trucks, the roomettes were in the middle, and the sections were at the blind (non-vestibule) end over the other truck; in the Pine series, the bedrooms were moved to the center of the car where the smoothest ride was. Consequently, the Pine series are sometimes referred to as "6-4-6" cars.

History
The Louisville and Nashville Railroad (L&N) ordered 22 of the cars in 1951, primarily to replace the pre-World War II heavyweight cars on the Pan American, Humming Bird, and Georgian. Each car cost $163,000. Additional orders were placed by the Chicago and Eastern Illinois Railroad (C&EI) (four cars) and Nashville, Chattanooga and St. Louis Railway (NC&StL) (three cars). Both railroads inter-operated with the L&N. Each of the sleeping cars had a name ending in Pine such as Georgia Pine or Whispering Pine, reflecting the road's Southern heritage. The cars began entering service in 1953, and also saw service on such trains as the Gulf Wind, Flamingo, and Azalean.

The NC&StL's three cars became part of the L&N's fleet in August 1957 on the merger of the two railroads. All of the cars were retired in 1971 on the formation of Amtrak and the end of passenger service on the L&N. Several would later see service on the original Auto-Train.

Original owners
All 29 cars were part of Pullman Lot 6909:

Railroad: Chicago and Eastern Illinois Railroad

Quantity: 4
Road numbers: 900–903

Railroad: Louisville and Nashville Railroad

Quantity: 22
Road numbers: 3450–3471

Railroad: Nashville, Chattanooga and St. Louis Railway

Quantity: 3
Road numbers: 200–202
Notes: Renumbered 3472–3474 on the L&N merger in 1957.

Preservation
Several Pine series sleeping cars are known to exist, including at least one in operating condition:

Chickamauga Pine, ex-NC&StL No. 200, is at the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum.
Colorado Pine, ex-L&N No. 3462 Plantation Pine, is owned by Iowa Pacific Holdings.
Short Leaf Pine, ex-L&N No. 3464, is under restoration at the Florida Railroad Museum.
Towering Pine, ex-L&N No. 3467, is on display at The Historic Railpark and Train Museum in Bowling Green, Kentucky.

Pine Series Overview

Type: 6-4-6 sleeping car
In service: 1953–1971
Manufacturer: Pullman-Standard
Order number: Lot 6909
Constructed: 1951–1953
Number built: 29
Diagram: Pullman Plan 4183
Capacity: 26
Operators:
Pullman Company
Chicago and Eastern Illinois Railroad
Louisville and Nashville Railroad
Nashville, Chattanooga and St. Louis Railway
Specifications
Car length: 85 feet (26 m)
Track gauge: 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)

See also:

Pacific Series

Rail Passenger Cars