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Alton Railroad
The Alton Railroad (reporting mark A) was the final name of a railroad linking Chicago to Alton, Illinois, St. Louis, Missouri, and Kansas City, Missouri. Its predecessor, the Chicago and Alton Railroad (reporting mark C&A), was purchased by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in 1931 and was controlled until 1942 when the Alton was released to the courts. On May 31, 1947 the Alton Railroad was merged into the Gulf, Mobile and Ohio Railroad. Jacob Bunn had been one of the founding members of the reorganization of the Chicago & Alton Railroad Company during the 1860s.

Main lines included Chicago to St. Louis and a branch to Kansas City. The former is now part of Union Pacific, with Metra Heritage Corridor commuter rail service north of Joliet (owned by the Canadian National Railway but used by UP). The latter is part of the Kansas City Southern Railway system.

History
The earliest ancestor to the Alton Railroad was the Alton and Sangamon Railroad, chartered February 27, 1847 in Illinois to connect the Mississippi River town of Alton to the state capital at Springfield in Sangamon County. The line was finished in 1852, and as the Chicago & Mississippi Railroad extended to Bloomington in 1854 and Joliet in 1855. Initially trains ran over the completed Chicago and Rock Island Railroad to Chicago.

The Joliet and Chicago Railroad was chartered February 15, 1855 and opened in 1856, continuing north and northeast from Joliet to downtown Chicago. It was leased by the Chicago & Mississippi, providing a continuous railroad from Alton to Chicago. In 1857 the C&M was reorganized as the St. Louis, Alton and Chicago Railroad, and another reorganization on October 10, 1862, produced the Chicago and Alton Railroad. The C&A chartered the Alton and St. Louis Railroad to extend the line to East St. Louis, opened in 1864, giving it a line from Chicago to East St. Louis.

In 1925 Chicago & Alton carried 2,143 million revenue ton-miles of freight and 202 million revenue passenger-miles on (at year-end) 1,056 miles of road and 1,863 miles of track. The same numbers for 1944 were 2,596, 483, 959 and 1,717.

Alton Railroad herald.
The Alton Railroad's brand-new EMD E7 locomotives, circa 1945.

The Alton Railroad's brand-new EMD E7 locomotives, circa 1945.

Alton Railroad Family Tree
Kansas City line
Springfield-Kansas City and Godfrey-Roodhouse
  Gateway Western Railway
    1997–present Gateway Western is a Kansas City Southern Railway subsidiary
    1990-1997 Gateway Western was an affiliate of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway
      Chicago, Missouri and Western Railway 1987-1989

Chicago-St. Louis line
  Union Pacific Railroad 1996–present Chicago-St. Louis line
    SPCSL Corporation 1989-1996 a subsidiary of Southern Pacific Transportation Company
      Chicago, Missouri and Western Railway 1987-1989

Early years of Alton
Chicago, Missouri and Western Railway 1987-1989
Illinois Central Gulf Railroad 1972-1987
Gulf, Mobile and Ohio Railroad 1947-1972
Alton Railroad 1931-1947 Subsidiary of Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
Chicago and Alton Railroad 1906-1931 took over line from Peoria-Springfield
Chicago and Alton Railway 1900-1906 controlled by UP & Rock; later NKP
Chicago and Alton Railroad 1861-1900
Kansas City, St. Louis and Chicago Railroad 1878-1950 leased by Alton RR Mexico-Kansas City
Louisiana and Missouri River Railroad 1870-1950 leased by Alton RR Louisiana-Springfield, Missouri
Joliet and Chicago Railroad 1864-1950 leased by Alton RR Joliet - Chicago
St. Louis, Alton and Chicago Railroad c.1857-1861 Alton - Joliet
Alton and Sangamon Railroad 1847-c.1857 Springfield - Alton

Passenger Service Notables
The first sleeping car designed by George Pullman was built in the C&A's Bloomington shops and introduced on September 1, 1859 on the Chicago-St. Louis route. Sleeping cars were operated over most routes between Chicago, Peoria, Bloomington, St. Louis and Kansas City in principal train consists. Successor Gulf, Mobile & Ohio operated Chicago-St. Louis sleeping car service until December 31, 1969, the last railroad to do so between the two cities.

The first dining car, the Delmonico, named for the famous New York restaurant, was built by Pullman in the Aurora, Illinois shops of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy. The car first appeared in regular service over the C&A's Chicago-St. Louis mainline. Two other Pullman diners built at the same time, the Tremont, and the Southern, were leased, providing dining car service on all three principal C&A Chicago-St. Louis trains. Dining cars were a part of Chicago-St. Louis train consists until May 1, 1971, with the takeover of passenger service by Amtrak.

Notable Passenger Trains
The Alton Limited
Abraham Lincoln
Ann Rutledge
The Hummer
The Midnight Special

Stations in Chicago
First entry of C&A passenger trains from Joliet into Chicago was over the Chicago & Rock Island to that railroad's depot (later La Salle Street Station). Briefly, passenger trains were moved over to the Illinois Central depot. On December 28, 1863, the leased J&C and Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne and Chicago Railway came to an agreement where the J&C would use the PFW&C's terminal at Madison Street, later becoming a tenant of Union Station, which opened in 1881. In 1924, with the completion of a new Union Station between Adams and Jackson streets, C&A became a tenant and its successors used Union Station until the takeover by Amtrak.

Company officers
Presidents of the Alton Railroad have included:
Timothy Blackstone 1864–1899.
Samuel Morse Felton, Jr. 1899–1908.

Alton Railroad Overview
Reporting mark: A, C&A
Locale: Chicago, Illinois to St. Louis, Missouri and Kansas City, Missouri
Dates of operation: 1847 (Alton and Sangamon Railroad)–1947
Successor: Gulf, Mobile and Ohio
Track gauge: 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Headquarters: Chicago, Illinois

See also:

Baltimore & Ohio

Gulf, Mobile & Ohio

Railroads of the U.S.A.

1885 Chicago and Alton map.

Chicago and Alton Railroad map, circa 1885.
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