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Cambria and Indiana Railroad Baldwin 2-8-2 locomotive No. 4, circa 1911.

Cambria and Indiana Railroad Baldwin 2-8-2 locomotive No. 4, circa 1911.
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A Cambria and Indiana Slideshow.

Bethlehem Steel became the majority owner of the railway in 1950. Business picked up when the BethEnergy subsidiary, opened Mine 33 near Ebensburg in 1963, and Barnes & Tucker opened a large mine at Stiles in 1965, thus sustaining C&I for another thirty years. However, in the summer of 1994, Bethlehem closed down Mine 33, spelling the apparent demise of the C&I. A year later, C&I sold almost all its trackage as scrap and donated most of its abandoned right-of-way to the Cambria County Conservation and Recreation Authority to become part of the Ghost Town Trail for use by bicyclists and walkers. C&I locomotives were dispatched to other Bethlehem subsidiary railroads. A small portion of trackage was retained by Conrail and another portion was sold to a private owner. In 1998, the private owner sold 9.6 miles of the abandoned track back to the C&I. Bethlehem Steel was acquired by ISG in 2003.

In 2004, nearly 10 years following the closing of Mine 33 and the end of C&I operations, ISG reported plans to reopen Mine 33 to produce coke primarily for steel-making by 2006, and also to generate electricity. This development was shelved in late 2006 due to economic conditions.

Locomotives
Steam locomotives
No. / Manufacturer & Type / Year Built / Notes
1, 2 / Locomotives from Vinton Lumber Co., were released by the C & I.
3 / Baldwin 2-8-0 / 1907 / purchased 1911, sold in 1916
4 / Baldwin 2-8-2 / 1911 / 1917
5, 6 / Baldwin 2-8-2 / 1911, 1913 / sold 1930
7-9 / Lima 2-8-2 / 1917 / sold 1930
10, 11 / Baldwin 2-8-2 / 1918 / 1941
14, 15 / Baldwin 2-8-0 / 1920 / decommissioned 1944
16-19 / ALCO Schenectady  2-8-0 Heavy Consolidation / 1923 / scrapped 1952
20, 21 / ALCO Schenectady 2-8-2 / 1920 / purchased 1939, scrapped 1951/1952
22 / PRR Juniata Shops 2-8-2 / 1915 / purchased 1941 , scrapped 1948
23 / Baldwin 2-8-2 / 1916 / purchased 1941, scrapped 1950
24, 25 / ALCO Brooks 2-8-2 / 1916 / purchased 1944 , scrapped 1952

Railcars

No. / Manufacturer & Type / Year / Notes
_ / Acquired Jackson & Sharp accumulator railcars 1912
140, 150 /  JG Brill and Company accumulator railcars in 1914, renumbered 1916 ex 14, 15 in 1920, sold 1923 Canadian National Railway.
98, 99 / JG Brill and Company benzene railcar / 1922 1923 / Nr. 99 1942 sold.

Diesel locomotives

No. / Type / Year / Notes
15, 16 / EMD SW1500 / 1968
17, 18 / EMD SW1500 / 1969
19, 20, 1975, / EMD MP15DC
30-37 / EMD SW9 / 1951-1952 / No. 36 received a Bi-Centennial livery.
38-44 / EMD SW1200 / 1956-1957 / scrapped 1964-1967
45 / EMD SW7 / 1950 / scrapped 1969

Cambria and Indiana Railroad Overview
Reporting mark: CI
Locale: Cambria and Indiana County, Pennsylvania
Dates of operation: 1904–1995
Track gauge: 4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Length: 57 miles (92 km)
Headquarters: Bethlehem, Pennsylvania

See also:

Conrail

Railroads of the U.S.A.

Once a Class I railroad, the C&I was the "richest railroad in the country", generating the most revenue per mile of track, during the 1930s and 1940s. The increasing use of electricity for heating purposes, however, dealt a severe blow to C&I and in 1995, C&I divested almost all its assets. The decision by the International Steel Group (ISG) of Cleveland to reopen a mine (Mine 33) near Ebensburg primarily to produce coke for steel-making may yet give renewed hopes for C&I after a long hiatus.

Brief History
The Cambria and Indiana Railroad, originally named Blacklick and Yellow Creek Railroad (B&YC), was founded in 1904 by Vinton Lumber Company as a subsidiary company to haul its lumber. Soon after its construction, coal was found in the area and the subsidiary was subsequently purchased by John Heisley Weaver and B. Dawson Coleman for $100,000 in 1910 to serve its coal interests in the Cambria and Indiana counties.

At the time of purchase, the B&YC was only ten miles long but the railroad was extensively extended soon after its acquisition to better serve its new purpose. Construction began in February, 1911 and the name of the company was officially changed on 20 April 1911 to reflect the name of the two counties that it served. By 1919, C&I was also serving 23 other mines in the area. Scheduled passenger service started in 1914 until 1 December 1931, after which, it only ran only when needed until the late 1930s. The company maintained an enginehouse in Colver, Pennsylvania.

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Map of the Cambria and Indiana Railroad.

By User:Liesel [CC BY-SA 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0)], via Wikimedia Commons

Cambria and Indiana Railroad
The Cambria and Indiana Railroad (C&I) (reporting mark CI) is a railway company that is located in the southeastern part of Indiana County, Pennsylvania in the United States. Incorporated in 1904 and built in 1910 with the intention of carrying lumber, coal was discovered in the area soon after its construction, and C&I's fortunes subsequently became closely intertwined with the coal industry.